Inter-agency Humanitarian Mission Report to Muli Cluster Villages



In the second week of January 2016, tension and dispute between the Arab and local tribes led to displacement of unknown number of people from Muli and other ten surrounding cluster villages in Geneina locality. While some people reportedly remained in the villages, a number of others fled to neighboring villages, Geneina town and Chad.

The exact number of people displaced remained unknown, although the HAC estimated that nearly 5,000 were displaced to Geneina town at the beginning of the crisis.

The HAC together with community leaders conducted registration of displaced people who arrived in Geneina town.

Government line ministries also conducted assessment in Muli and other affected surrounding villages on 3 February. Although the assessment report was shared with humanitarian partners, the registration figure of IDPs in Geneina town was not shared. HAC however mentioned in a meeting with humanitarian partners on 8 February that all the IDPs who arrived in Geneina town have returned to Muli and affected villages. HAC also mentioned that government dispatched four convoys of humanitarian supplies (cereals, non-food items, sugar and oil) to address the needs of affected people in the villages. However, there was no clarity on the extent of overall needs, what had been covered and the gaps that still existed. The sectors expressed the need to fill some information gaps to facilitate response to existing gaps.

It was upon such a background that this inter-agency assessment mission was conducted. The assessment mission prioritized 5 of the most affected villages. These include Muli, Hellat Zaghawa, Doroti, Alla Marragha and Atiya.

Specific objectives of the mission:

  • To assess the needs of affected people in Muli and surrounding villages.

  • To fill the information gaps in the government assessment report to inform sector responses.


Mission participants included UNOCHA, UNDP, UNICEF, WFP, UNHCR, WHO, IOM, CRS, State Ministry for Social Affairs (SMoSA) and National NGO SIBRO.


3.1 Population movement

The assessment took place over one month after the attack of the villages. According to community leaders, nearly all people were displaced from the cluster villages when the attack happened.
Although not all the villages were attacked, people from other villages also fled in fear of subsequent attacks. Respondents reported that majority of the displaced persons fled to Geneina town- mainly to Abuzer camp and Al Hujaj areas. However, by the time of the assessment, some of the displaced had already returned (see table).

The displacement pattern in Muli and surrounding needs to be treated with some caution. From the discussions and observations, it was clear that prior to the recent attacks, a number of households already had part of their families in IDP camps and locations in Geneina town. A number of households had reportedly returned to the villages during agricultural crop seasonal, while maintaining their residences in IDP camps in Geneina town. This was evidenced by the temporary nature of most of the shelters in the villages. In Atiya for instance, communities reported that most families prefer to keep their children in Geneina town to access better education, health and other basic services.

Another evidence is the absence of new shelters in Abuzer camp and Al Hujaj aras where most of the displaced reportedly took refuge. The returnees that are found in the villages were mainly old people- except in Muli where significant returns were observed.


UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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