- MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
I/ First modification 20/07/2012
This HIP is being modified to take into account a deterioration of the humanitarian situation and increased humanitarian needs, both in Sudan and South Sudan.
The crisis has significantly deteriorated since mid-April 2012 following a dramatic escalation of tensions between Sudan and South Sudan, with open hostilities between the two countries, and an exacerbation of internal conflicts within each of the two states that are not unrelated to the overall Sudan-South Sudan tension. The consequences for the humanitarian situation are dramatic in both countries. They are however most tangible in South Sudan, where despite logistic constraints, access is possible.
In Sudan, the conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile States is ongoing, but neutral humanitarian organisations are not allowed to deliver assistance to people in need. However, the European Commission and its Directorate-General for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (DG ECHO) remain engaged and ready to intervene as soon as acceptable access conditions are in place. By mid-July more than 186,000 Sudanese refugees have fled from South Kordofan and Blue Nile to South Sudan, according to UNHCR. An additional 37,000 refugees, mainly from Blue Nile, have fled to Ethiopia.
In South Sudan nearly all refugees are hosted in Upper Nile and Unity State. Their large numbers, combined with significant logistical challenges and a difficult operating environment, are at risk of overwhelming the available capacity and resources of aid agencies and make aid operations expensive. It is vital to further scale up the immediate response in the border areas and to support emergency interventions. By July, the overall refugee population in South Sudan had increased to more than 211,000 people and the planning figure for the 2012 CAP has moved from 135,000 at the beginning of the year to 235,000. There has also been a steady return of Southerners living in the North (over 406.000 now estimated) and in May 2012 a group of 12.000 returnees had to be airlifted from Kosti in Sudan to South Sudan, to the costs of which the Commission contributed.
In South Sudan, the humanitarian situation has drastically deteriorated in 2012. The food situation is worse than expected, due to a combination of poor harvest, the closed border entailing higher costs, rising inflation, lack of currency to import food, high number of refugees and returnees. WFP estimates that this year 4.7 million people are food insecure, up from 3.8 million last year, a situation likely to worsen due to the government's decision to stop oil production (responsible for 98% of its revenues) earlier this year.