Thirteen years since the start of the Darfur crisis, fighting and inter-tribal tensions still trigger conflict and population displacements. An estimated 2.6 million people have been uprooted from their homes, including 1.6 million who live scattered across 60 camps. Fighting and insecurity in Darfur has displaced at least 97 000 people in 2016. 100 000 more were reportedly displaced but could not be registered nor reached with humanitarian aid at an adequate scale. Some Sudanese displaced people and refugees are also returning to their homes in Darfur. They need support to safely rebuild their lives and livelihoods.
In South Kordofan and Blue Nile states, ongoing violence and sustained food insecurity has affected hundreds of thousand people, many of which have fled to other parts of Sudan or to neighbouring Ethiopia* and South Sudan*.
Sudan hosts more than 260 000 South Sudanese refugees and has seen a surge of arrivals since the start of 2016. A majority of the 100 000 new arrivals in 2016 are children and women. Sudan also hosts 140 000 refugees from other countries in the region. With many refugees arriving weakened and destitute, assistance needs to be maintained and scaled up.
Acute malnutrition rates in Sudan are the highest in the Middle East and North Africa region. It affects an estimated 2.1 million children. Efforts to step up treatment have been ongoing in 2016, with the support of the European Commission. More than 209 000 severely malnourished children were treated. In addition, 4.6 million people faced serious food insecurity after a difficult year that witnessed a severe El Niño drought.
The immense needs call for increased humanitarian assistance and funding. Signs that restrictions on humanitarian operations could be eased, allowing for timely and effective aid delivery to affected populations, are yet to materialize. Humanitarian organizations still operate in a constrained environment when they should be given unimpeded and sustained access to people in need.