SITUATION - Jun. 95 - Sudan has a critical problem with land mines because of an ongoing civil war in which both sides continue to lay mines. Most of these mines have been placed in Southern Sudan, the locale of the most serious fighting. Mines inhibit the movement of relief workers in the region and threaten their lives. Mines have cut off access to wells and arable land and also most major roads. The mining of most major roads is especially destructive as the delivery of relief supplies is severely hampered. This worsens an already serious food situation brought on by drought and makes repatriation of refugees impossible.
Southern Sudan is especially infested around the principal towns of Juba, Wau, Bor, Torit, and Kapoeta. Most roads and trails throughout the southern states are mined.
Number of Mines
1 million. Figure provided by US Department of State.
There is a limited national capacity for demining. The Sudanese have engineering units attached to combat brigades but their mine clearing activities are primarily focused on clearing limited routes in order to deploy their own troops. It is questionable whether their capabilities could engage in a full scale demining operation.
Inhumane Weapons Convention
Signature: 10 Apr 81
Moratorium on the export of anti-personnel mines