Sudan

Darfur - Humanitarian Emergency Fact Sheet #19, Fiscal Year (FY) 2005

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments

U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: This report updates fact sheet #18, dated January 28, 2005.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Conflict-Affected Persons in Darfur and Eastern Chad 2.39 million people U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Darfur 1.66 million people OCHA
Sudanese Refugees in Eastern Chad 213,000 people in camps U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
Conflict-Affected Persons in Darfur Receiving Food Assistance 1.3 million people during November
1.5 million people during December
U.N. World Food Program (WFP)
Crude Mortality Rates (CMR)1 and
Under-five Mortality Rates
(U5MR)2 for Darfur
North Darfur - 1.5 CMR; 2.5 U5MR
West Darfur - 2.9 CMR; 3.1 U5MR
Kalma Camp (South Darfur) - 3.8 CMR;
11.7 U5MR
Preliminary data from the U.N. World Health Organization (WHO)


Total FY 2005 USG Humanitarian Assistance for the Darfur Emergency (to date): $291,007,615

Total FY 2003 - 2005 USG Humanitarian Assistance for the Darfur Emergency: $549,453,295

CURRENT HUMANITARIAN SITUATION

Human Rights

The U.N.-appointed International Commission of Inquiry (ICI) has released findings of the longawaited inquiry into whether genocide has occurred in Darfur. The ICI report concluded that the Government of Sudan (GOS) and Jingaweit had carried out mass killing and systematic abuse of civilians in Darfur but did not pursue a policy of genocide. The commission cautioned, however, that this finding should not detract from the gravity of the crisis, as crimes committed in Darfur may be no less serious than genocide. Further, the ICI report indicated that GOS measures to address the crisis have been grossly inadequate and ineffective, contributing to a climate of impunity in Darfur. Although not released publicly, the ICI also identified a list of suspects likely to have committed serious violations of international human rights and humanitarian law, including crimes against humanity or war crimes. On February 1, the U.S. Department of State issued a statement standing by its September 2004 genocide determination.

USG Assistance

In response to a U.N. Joint Logistics Center (UNJLC) request, USAID/OFDA recently airlifted additional blankets and plastic sheeting to Darfur. The first flight containing 20,000 blankets arrived in Nyala on January 31, and the second flight containing 630 rolls of plastic sheeting arrived February 2 in El Fasher. A third flight containing 630 rolls of plastic sheeting is scheduled to arrive in Nyala on February 5. The blankets will benefit 4,000 families, and the plastic sheeting will provide shelter for an estimated 79,380 persons. The cost of the emergency relief supplies is $611,500, including transport.

Protection

On January 31, the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed an agreement with the GOS to ensure that returns and relocations of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in West Darfur are appropriate and voluntary. This agreement will be similar to the Management and Coordination Mechanism (MCM) agreement among the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the U.N., and the GOS. Under the MCM, IOM is charged with conducting assessments to determine if returns are voluntary when prompted by requests from any party.

According to U.N. sources, the relocation of an estimated 25,000 recently arrived IDPs in Abu Shouk camp, North Darfur is delayed following the failure of technicians to identify water sources at the planned relocation site of Sewalinga camp. Humanitarian agencies are now assessing the possibility of establishing a new camp at Bisharia, a site 2 km from El Fasher.

The U.N. reported that recent insecurity in Hamada and Juruf may have resulted in the displacement of up to 30,000 IDPs to Mershing and nearly 20,000 IDPs in Manawashi. CARE is conducting a registration to determine the size of affected populations in these two areas in order to provide food distributions. World Vision is providing water and sanitation services in these areas, and other NGOs are exploring the option of working in this sector.

Food Assistance

Violence in Port Sudan disrupted operations of the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) for two days when following clashes between police and demonstrators on January 29 in which 18 people were reportedly killed, according to the U.N. Security Coordinator (UNSECOORD). Aid agencies note that continued violence and instability in areas of eastern Sudan including Port Sudan, the Red Sea Hills, and the main road to Khartoum have grave implications for the food assistance pipeline to Darfur. Port Sudan is the only sea port in Sudan and is the gateway for almost all imports into the country. If Port Sudan and roads leading out of the area are insecure, the only alternatives to transport food commodities to Darfur are through much costlier airlift or lengthy road travel though Cameroon, Nigeria, Libya, or possibly Egypt.

From January 26 to February 5, the USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART) is participating in an FAO-led interagency livelihoods assessment in Darfur. The team is assessing the current status of major markets for crops, food, and livestock systems and preparing a preliminary forecast of cereal shortages in the local markets. The assessment will also evaluate Darfur's macroeconomic situation, its capacity to import food, and how best to deal with the crisis. The mission completed fieldwork in North and South Darfur but was unable to visit some planned locations due to insecurity. The mission is currently completing its assessment in West Darfur.

Security

According to the U.N., on January 31, unidentified gunmen fired on two African Union (AU) patrols. The first incident occurred in North Darfur between Khor Abeche and Shangil Tobai while AU forces were investigating reports of a GOS aerial bombardment south of Shangil Tobayi. The second incident occurred near Biritabla, roughly 100 km south of Nyala in South Darfur.

UNSECOORD declared the road between Geneina and Mornei a "no-go" area after armed men fired at a U.N. truck and looted all personal belongings of the passengers on February 2. The truck was marked with the logos of a U.N. agency and a non-governmental organization (NGO).

Three Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) national staff members were released from police custody on January 30. The three were arrested by GOS police at the NCA office in Nyala on January 3.

Health

In response to a recent meningitis outbreak among refugees from Darfur, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) plans to launch a vaccination campaign in eastern Chad, in coordination with local health authorities and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. The campaign will target approximately 70,000 refugees in Bredjing and Farchana camps and local residents of surrounding areas, as well as in the border town of Adré. MSF is also improving the local surveillance system and administering antibiotics to infected individuals.

The U.N. World Health Organization (WHO) has convened a task force in Khartoum on early preparedness for meningitis and has appealed to humanitarian agencies to be monitoring for possible Meningitis cases in West Darfur, given the recent outbreak in Chad. WHO advised that particular attention should be given to IDPs living in close quarters such as those lodged in Foraboranga hospital.

Footnotes

1 According to WHO, the emergency threshold for crude mortality is 1 death per 10,000 people per day.

2 According to WHO, the emergency threshold for under-five mortality is 2 deaths per 10,000 children under five per day.

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