Despite the end of the decades long conflict in Sri Lanka, weak economic growth and inequalities throughout those years combined with risks of flooding in some areas, and droughts in others threaten a significant number of vulnerable communities throughout Sri Lanka. Exposure to tropical storms during the first quarter of every year and during the monsoon season, as well as heavy rainfall from the Bay of Bengal, contribute to the risk of landslides, overflowing riverbanks and occasional tidal surges. It is, therefore, no surprise that since before the tsunami struck Sri Lanka in December of 2004, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has supported the Sri Lankan Red Cross Society (SLRCS) with programmes in disaster management, health and care, organizational development and humanitarian values, now aligning with IFRC.
Following the tsunami, a massive relief operation was launched, continuing support to four core programmes, but focusing priorities to the huge task of restoring the lives of the tsunami-affected population. Significant construction of houses and infrastructure combined with water and sanitation as well as livelihoods components have been the largest part of the tsunami plan of action. Almost five years after the tsunami, the recovery operation is coming to a close. The International Federation is therefore refocusing its support and resources towards the core programme areas in support of the SLRCS' recently completed Five-Year Development Plan (FYDP) and as part of the undergoing transition to regular programming based on its exit strategy. Core programme areas have continued to be part of the Tsunami Plan of Action up to 2009, but as activities related to construction come to a close, this 2010-2011 plan highlights those areas that the International Federation will continue to support as prioritized by the SLRCS