Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka: FSD relief activities report from 30 Dec 2004 up to 26Jan 2005 in Ampara district following Tsunami disaster

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Background of the relief operation
From 27 Dec. up to 29 Dec. following a request from Vavuniya Government Agent and Health department, FSD started operation by supporting ICRC and conducted various casualtiy evacuations by using FSD ambulances, in Mulativu district.

From 30 Dec. following a request of TRO, FSD deployed part of his teams in Ampara district. The first tasks were the search and recovery for dead bodies, casualty treatment and evacuation, distribution of food and relief items to the survivors. FSD/HDU teams have been deployed by TRO in Mulativu and Baticaloa district.

From 04 January total of Vavuniya FSD project was moved and fully deployed in Ampara district (2 Inter 75 FSD11 Land cruiser 4x4, 6 Land cruiser 4x4 ambulances, 5 trucks), in order to support TRO by transporting and distributing food, relief items and providing medical support, camp management in 43 improvised refugee's camp.

From 11 January up to 17 January arrival of Fee Madhavi (Relief project manager) and Gabriela Friedi (Water and Sanitation engineer), Roberto Rigor, Pepito Mateo, Jean Claude Amand (supervisors), Fernando Meier (logistic), Tobias (press and media) and Jose Nueva (doctor).

A temporary FSD base is establish in Akkaraipattu. The deployment area of FSD teams is with Northern limit Kalmunai, and with Southern limit Pottuvil.

Objectives

After the arrival of the additional staff on 11. January. the first 2-3 days were used for a short assessment. Together with the information from the GMAA team at that time the following was concluded:

  1. There are certain areas that have not received any humanitarian assistance such as Palmunnai, Oluvil, Kulmanai Kody, and Peryia Kallar.
  2. Within the areas where big relief agencies operate, usually only the big refugee camps are attended. Many small to medium sized camps (10- 50 families) or people living within their broken houses, often have no services such as food, drinking water sanitary facilities or assistance of any kind.
  3. Many of the camps were located in schools and planned to be emptied within 1-2 weeks time, so that the school can restart. However, for many families there was no place in the semi-permanent camps yet. Under the pressure of the timeframe the local government tends to plan to put too many people within the new camps resulting in congested living areas for the refugee again. However, these cramped living conditions together with the traumatic experience of the disaster may have adverse affect on the health of the refugees causing not only depression but also respiratory illnesses. If the sanitary conditions are not adequate also diarrhea will be a problem.
  4. Long term or even intermediate planning at that point (2, 5 weeks after the Tsunami) was still difficult as the situation was changing daily.
Affected families moved from and too new areas and NGOs started new programs in new areas daily.

In conclusion of the observations above, the FSD team ground decided to do the following (with the overall objective was to enhance the living conditions of the refugee):

a) To improve the semi- permanent camps. Concentrate on small to medium sized camps that lacked assistance, even in areas which in general received a lot of relief assistance from other NGOs. These activities included construction of latrines in Kalmunai area as well as setting up a semipermanent camp in Akkaraypattu. Detailed information on each project see below.

b) Support families that are willing to move back into their village and enable them to restart their "normal" life. This line of action included the repair of boats of fishermen in the village of Oluvil and to clean the existing open wells to provide washing water to the returning families. Details see below.

c) Support the reopening of the schools so that children have activities outside the overcrowded refugee camps. In schools where the sanitary facilities have been destroyed, semi permanent latrines where constructed to ensure a safe and healthy environment for the school children.

d) Primary health care in camps with no health services.

Beside the new activities, the emergency response such as support to camp managements and food distributions was continued where needed.

Activities

Kalmunai area

In this area 3 expatriate, 1 expatriate doctor , 24 locals FSD staffs 2 ambulances 1 land cruiser 4x4 , 2 trucks where deployed and have conducted this following activities:

Managing food and relief items transport and distribution for various welfare centers in support to TRO

No
Location
No of Families
No of Members
1
Kalmunai Addappalam School
196
697
2
Pandiruppu Maha Vidiyalayam
638
1376
3
Kalmunai R.K.M School
160
1200
4
Kalmunai Wesley College
232
650
5
Periya Kalaru Matha Church
91
343
6
Periya Neelavanai Vishnu Maha Vidiyalayam
244
1000
7
Periya Neelavanai Sarsvathi Vidiyalayam
45
?
8
Kalmunai Vickneswara School
82
302
Total of beneficiaries
1688
5568

Management of food storage and food distribution in various welfare centers in support to TRO

No
Store Name
No of Families
No of Members
1
Karaitivu Sanmugam School
212
848
2
Karaitivu Neru Public Hall
78
390
3
Karaitivu RKM School
73
438
4
Karaitivu Manimandapam
112
560
5
Kalmunai Vepulanthan Vidiyalayam
95
665
6
Kalmunai R.K.M School
88
529
7
Pandiruppu Maha Vidiyalayam
224
1120
8
Pandiruppu Navelar Vidiyalayam
87
435
9
Pandiruppu Church
12
84
10
Periya Neelavanai Vishnu Maha Vidiyalayam
250
1000
11
Periya Neelavanai Sarsvathi Vidiyalayam
332
1660
12
Pariya Kalaru Matha Church
53
371
13
Pariya Arulapar Church
60
360
Total of beneficiaries
1676
8460

Primary Health care service

No
Location
No of patients treated
1
Addappalam camp
1464
2
Karaitivu RKM school
73
3
Vivekananda school
42
4
Wesley College
Deferred, already covered
5
Pandiruppu School
39
6
Neelavanai Camp
56
7
Periya Kalaru
27
8
Pandiruppu IDC and new camp
53
Total of patients treated
1754

Cleaning of polluted wells and chlorination according WHO guidelines

No
Location
No of wells clean
1
Pariya Kalaru Matha Church compound and vicinity
8
2
Neevalanai Vidyalam and vicinity
3
3
Pandiruppu IDC
1
Total of wells cleaned and treated
12

Water and sanitary project: building semi-permanent latrines

No
Location
No of latrines builds
1
Periya Kalaru Matha Church
3
2
Pariya kalaru Arulapar Church
1
3
Pariya kalaru Vidyalyam school
3
4
Maruthamunai Shams School
6
Total of latrines builds
13

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