Sri Lanka was hit by a severe Tropical Cyclone Roanu, that affected 22 districts out 25 districts in the country, destroying homes and submerging entire villages, triggering floods and a series of landslides that affected thousands of lives and livelihoods, and caused widespread property damage. Initial reports indicated that 22 out of Sri Lanka’s 25 districts were affected. The worst affected districts were Colombo,
Gampaha, Kegalle, Kurunegala, Puttlam and Ratnapura. At least 104 people reported dead, 99 people missing – many as the result of a landslide in Aranayake, Kegalle District which devastated three villages, and more than 428,000 people affected. Some 4,000 houses were damaged and 600 more were totally destroyed. Thousands of people moved temporarily to camps to seek shelter.
An Information Bulletin was issued on 18 May 2016 and a Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) for CHF 249,443 was allocated on 21 May 2016. This DREF was used as a start-up loan and an Emergency Appeal of CHF 3.6 million was launched on 24 May 2016. Four operations updates were published on 10 June 2016, 1 July 2016, the 6 months update on 22 December 2016 and one year update on 5 July 2017. Furthermore, on 24 November 2017 appeal was revised to reflect the following changes;
Summary of major changes (from initial emergency plan of action):
- The appeal budget has been reduced from CHF 3,622,689 to CHF 1,604,185, to match the total income.
- Permanent shelter components which was 40 per cent of the initial budget was removed due to lack of funding and proposed Government plan to provide housing to landslide affected people.
- Livelihood assistance for households to restart/diversify income sources has been increased from 600 to 690 families.
- Health and WASH plans have been revised considering the current need on the ground.
- Health Disaster Risk Reduction programme with a focus on dengue prevention will be implemented from December 2017 to March 2018, targeting to reach additional 27,500 people.
- SLRCS capacity enhancement on Cash Transfer Programming (CTP); one training and a pilot project to field test the learning is planned.
- Appeal timeframe has been extended to another four months totaling to 22 months.
- Final evaluation has been re-scheduled to March 2018 considering the current disaster situation in the region.
- Though there is reduction of appeal budget mainly due to removal of shelter components, more software focus is added in contributing to a wider population, result in increasing number of people reached.