As of August 31, more than 381,000 conflict-affected individuals had returned to home areas in Sri Lanka’s Northern Province, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). On August 4, the Kodikamam Ramavil camp in Jaffna District closed after the remaining families in the camp returned home to three newly accessible areas in the district. Nearly 15,800 internally displaced persons (IDPs) remained in camps and welfare centers in Jaffna and Vavuniya districts as of September 1, while more than 106,000 IDPs resided with host families.
On August 25, President Mahinda Rajapaksa announced that the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) would not seek to extend the Emergency Regulations beyond its expiration on August 31. The Emergency Regulations suspended certain civil liberties, while granting the GoSL authorities extraordinary powers to protect national security.
Between June and September 2011, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) provided nearly $1.8 million in support for displaced and returning populations in northern Sri Lanka through international non- governmental organizations (NGOs) Practical Action and World Vision. These newly funded programs provide livelihoods and agriculture and food security support for an estimated 30,800 people.
In FY 2011, the U.S. Government (USG) provided more than $31.5 million in humanitarian assistance to populations in Sri Lanka, including approximately $27.1 million in response to the complex emergency and more than $4.2 million in response to flooding that began in December 2010. Of the total, USAID/OFDA assistance included nearly $2.3 million for economic recovery and market systems, approximately $1.9 million for agricultural and food security, $800,000 for water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) programs, more than $600,000 in shelter and settlements assistance, $400,000 for humanitarian coordination and information management, and nearly $400,000 in logistics assistance and relief commodities.