Given previous instances of forced resettlement, such as the movement of people from Kanthale and Kinniya to Mutur in September 2006 and from Batticaloa to Killivetti Transit Site and Vakarai in March 2007, the team visited to ascertain whether the resettlement was being carried out in line with international human rights standards.
The team spoke to displaced persons awaiting settlement, those who already been resettled and to local organisations and international agencies involved in humanitarian and human rights issues in the district. The team visited displacement sites including Vinyagapuram Maha Vidyalayam and Alankulam, in Valaichennai. They attempted to visit Porathivu Pattu but were denied access.
This report is one in a series of reports by human rights groups highlighting human rights and humanitarian issues following the upsurge in violence during 2006-7.
- The voluntary nature of the resettlement process, which is a basic international human rights principle, was clearly in question. IDPs were not consulted regarding their return and resettlement, thus violating a key article of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement.
- The resettlement process was heavily militarised. Civil administration and relief and humanitarian agencies were clearly excluded from playing any critical role in the initial process of resettlement
- Elements of coercion were visible in the early part of the resettlement process - STF guards showing aggression when calling out family names and reportedly even pointing a gun at the crowd.
- The growing unwillingness of larger international agencies such as the UNHCR to publicly raise the issue of forced resettlement.