Sri Lanka

Joint Humanitarian and Early Recovery Update, Sri Lanka, October 2012 – Report #47

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Situation Report
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I. SITUATION OVERVIEW & HIGHLIGHTS

Returns and displacement

By the end of October 2012, 471,588 people (141,336 families) had returned to the Northern Province. This figure includes 241,467 people (76,885 families) displaced after April 2008 and 230,121 persons (64,451 families) displaced before April 2008.

With the closure of Menik Farm IDP camp in Vavuniya district, there are no ‘new IDPs’ living in camps in the country. An additional 7,329 IDPs (1,981 families) from the protracted or long-term caseload, displaced prior to April 2008, remained in welfare centres in Jaffna and Vavuniya districts.

The Government and the UN are committed to finding solutions for displaced people, who sought shelter with friends and relatives, left camps and are still living with host families, or are stranded in transit sites. Additionally longterm IDPs seek assistance to reclaim their homes and properties or integrate in their host communities

Emergency Response

In the end of October, a deep depression formed in the Bay of Bengal strengthened to a tropical cyclone affected Sri Lanka and southern India. According to the Disaster Management Centre (DMC), over 137,000 people were affected by flooding, heavy rain, earth slips and winds. Half of the affected population (over 50,000 affected and over 3,000 displaced) was in the newly returned areas in the Northern Province, especially Mullaitivu district (about 24,000). The district authorities responded to the local needs immediately by providing early warning, evacuation to designated safer areas and provision of cooked meals for three days. At the evacuation centres the Government provided basic levels of water and sanitation facilities and dry sleeping conditions. In addition, the Government allocated around Rs 200 million (approx US$ 1.5 million) to provide relief and facilities to the people affected island-wide. This relief allocation will be used to provide food assistance, water & sanitation facilities and repairing of damaged houses.

The Ministry of Disaster Management through the National Disaster Relief Services Centre (NDRSC) requested international assistance to provide Non-Food Items (NFIs) to the affected population in the Northern Province. Save the Children, Oxfam GB, World Vision and Sri Lanka Red Cross Society provided NFI assistance in the affected Northern districts.

Humanitarian Funding

The 2012 Joint Plan of Assistance for the Northern Province (JPA) remains underfunded at US$ 33 million, or 23% of the total request of US$ 147 million for the humanitarian response in the Northern Province. The total humanitarian funds received during 2012 are $52.7 million with $19 million received outside the JPA. (Visit the Financial Tracking Service http://fts.unocha.org/pageloader.aspx?page=emerg-emergencies&section=CE&year=2012 for more details.)

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.