1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
During 2007, the focus of the conflict in Sri Lanka moved from the East to certain parts of the North. As the situation in the East stabilised, the Government supported IDP returns, following clearance of landmines. While it is hoped that a political settlement can be found to end the conflict in the coming months, the Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP) is based on the planning assumption that there will be significant returns during 2008, alongside displacements similar in scale to those in 2007. In the latter part of 2007, as the conflict affected more of Sri Lanka's northern districts, the risks increased for IDPs and other conflict-affected groups in those areas. The CHAP is based on the assumption that as the Government acts on its stated intention to disarm the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), the conflict in Sri Lanka will continue and intensify, and even if it were to slow down or end during the year, there would remain very significant humanitarian needs to be met in the areas of conflict.
Protection and safeguarding basic rights will continue to be the key challenges raised by the conflict. Fighting during 2007 led to the loss of hundreds of civilian lives, the displacement of over 308,000 people and the suffering of countless others. Public infrastructure and essential services have been compromised, making it more difficult for national and internationally-supported humanitarian programmes to address the significant needs of both conflict-affected and return communities. At the same time, the humanitarian community is operating under extremely difficult circumstances, which have affected its ability to reach as many people as need support.
The CHAP has been developed as Sri Lanka's humanitarian strategy to support essential interventions during 2008. The priorities include emergency relief, protection, and early recovery, and builds on the 2007 CHAP's commitment among humanitarian stakeholders to protect and preserve life. The CHAP includes:
- A review of 2007 accomplishments by sector;
- An analysis of the humanitarian context and needs of vulnerable groups in particular conflictaffected and isolated communities, IDP and returnees;
- Current and worst-case scenarios;
- Strategic priorities including emergency relief, early recovery and protection;
- Sector response plans; and
- A monitoring framework, which links priorities, sector and project objectives.
As a programming and coordination platform, the CHAP outlines priorities and areas of intervention for affected populations in need. Interventions include assistance for displaced and return communities in the areas of protection, shelter, food, water and environmental sanitation (WASH), food aid, nutrition, health, education, food security (including agriculture and fisheries), economic recovery and infrastructure, and logistics. Roles and responsibilities have been assigned for the various sectors, with sector lead agencies accountable for delivering efficient and effective services to the targeted population. Coordination among sectors is fostered through inter-agency coordination structures as well as common logistic and security services.
CHAP projects will complement government capacity and ongoing efforts in emergency assistance. Similarly, activities for recovery efforts will support the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) lead. Coordination of efforts will be supported through the Consultative Committee for Humanitarian Affairs (CCHA), the high-level structure for coordination between the GoSL, donor governments and the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC).
The CHAP has been developed by the IASC Country Team in consultation with the GoSL, donors and other stakeholders. The document calls for a preparedness level for up to 500,000 conflict-affected individuals comprising IDPs, returnees and economically-affected persons. The funding requirements for 105 projects (proposed by 25 non-governmental organisations (NGOs), 12 UN agencies, and the International Organization for Migration (IOM)) total US$(1) 175.4 million, out of which $29.2 million has already been committed, leaving the total outstanding requirements of the appeal at $146.2 million.
(1) All dollar figures in this document denote United States dollars. Funding for this CHAP should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS), firstname.lastname@example.org), which will display requirements and current funding information on the CAP 2008 web page.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Table I. Summary of 2008 Requirements – By Sector
Table II. Summary of Requirements - By Appealing Organisation
2. 2007 IN REVIEW
3. THE 2008 COMMON HUMANITARIAN ACTION PLAN
3.1 THE CONTEXT AND HUMANITARIAN NEEDS ANALYSIS
3.1. A The Context
3.1. B Humanitarian Consequences
3.3 STRATEGIC PRIORITIES FOR HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE
3.4 RESPONSE PLANS
3.4. A Protection (Lead agency: UNHCR, Sub-sector leads: UNICEF, Senior Human Rights Advisor)
3.4. B Shelter/NFRI/Camp Management (Lead agency: UNHCR)
3.4. C Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (Lead agency: UNICEF)
3.4. D Food Aid (Lead agency: WFP)
3.4. E Nutrition (Lead agency: UNICEF)
3.4. F Health (Lead agency: WHO)
3.4. G Education (Lead agency: UNICEF)
3.4. H Food Security including Agriculture and Fisheries (Lead agency: FAO)
3.4. I Economic Recovery and Infrastructure (Lead agency: UNDP)
3.4. J Security (Sector lead: UNDSS)
3.4. K Logistics, Support and Coordination
3.4. K.i Logistics (Lead Agency: WFP)
3.4. K.ii Coordination (Lead Agency: OCHA)
4. STRATEGIC MONITORING PLAN
5. CRITERIA FOR SELECTION AND PRIORITISATION OF PROJECTS
6. SUMMARY STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK FOR HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE
Table III. List of Projects - By Sector
Table IV. List of Projects - By Appealing Organisation
Table V. Summary of Requirements – By IASC Standard Sector
ANNEX I. HEALTH MD SHORTAGES
ANNEX II. SECTORAL RESPONSE REVIEW
ANNEX III. AFFECTED DETAILS NORTH EAST PROVINCES (FAO)
ANNEX IV. ACUTE MALNUTRITION IN SELECTED DISTRICTS IN THE NORTH AND EAST
ANNEX V. HEALTH BATTICALOA
ANNEX VI. DONOR RESPONSE TO 2007 COMMON HUMANITARIAN ACTION PLAN
ANNEX VII. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
Please note that appeals are revised regularly. The latest version of this document is available on http://www.humanitarianappeal.net
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