South Sudan + 3 more

World Vision East Africa: Hunger Response Situation Report No. 7 (6 July 2017)

Format
Situation Report
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Posted
Originally published

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KEY HIGHLIGHTS

  • Number of Affected Expected to Grow: Below-average seasonal rains and a fall armyworm invasion have raised concern about a likely increase in the number of people in need. Currently, 25.5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. However, with low rainfalls and the destruction of crops due to fall armyworm, harvest are likely to be low and the number of people who are food insecure is expected to grow.

  • More People Displaced: Continuing conflict and prolonged drought has led to an increase in the number of people displaced. New statistics state that a total of 5.5 million people have been displaced – 3.9 million in South Sudan, 848,400 in Ethiopia, 739,000 in Somalia and 38,600 in the Kenyan counties of Isiolo and Baringo.

  • Cholera and Acute Watery Diarrhea Outbreak: The number of people affected by waterborne diseases is growing, with more than 94,500 cases of acute watery diarrhea (AWD) and cholera reported across the countries this year.

  • One in Three Children Malnourished: In parts of Kenya, Ethiopia, South Sudan and Somalia, the number of children under age 5 who are malnourished is as high as 30%. Nearly 850,000 children under age 5 have been identified as severely malnourished and are at risk of death without intervention.

  • Ongoing Response Continues: World Vision is responding to conflict and drought. More than 1.5 million people have been assisted through programs that deliver food assistance, provide protection services, ensure communities have clean water, address child and maternal nutrition and meet other crucial needs.

HUMANITARIAN SITUATION OVERVIEW

Ethiopia: The steady decline in the trend of AWD in Ethiopia seen between midApril and mid-May has reversed. Between mid-May and July 11, 2017, an increasing number of AWD cases was seen. In the week ending on 11 June 2017, a total of 1,080 cases were reported from Amhara, Oromia and Somali; compared to the 567 cases registered in week ending 21 May 2017. Sixty-one percent of the registered cases during the reporting week came from Somali region. As of 11 June 2017, a total of 36,750 cases including 780 deaths (case fatality rate 2.1%) have been reported since the beginning of 2017.

Kenya: The onset of the March to May long rains was delayed and characterized by uneven geographical distribution and prolonged dry spells. Although some southeastern and coastal areas recorded above normal rainfall, Kenya was largely sunny and dry throughout March and experienced depressed rainfall during April and May. This resulted in poor crop performance and even crop failure in some regions.

Somalia: The humanitarian situation is worsening in most regions of Puntland, Somaliland, Jubaland and South West State. Crisis and Emergency acute food insecurity persists in many parts of the country and severe AWD/Cholera outbreak is ongoing. Humanitarian assistance has helped reduce gaps for household food consumption and contributed to lower staple food prices, but an elevated risk of famine remains. This is due to vulnerabilities caused by a combination of food consumption gaps, high acute malnutrition, high disease burden and reliance on humanitarian assistance (FSNAU Food Security Alert, June 2017).

South Sudan: According to the new Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis relesed on 21 June, famine has eased after a significant scale-up in the humanitarian response. However, the situation remains critical across the country as the number of people facing severe food insecurity has grown to 6 million - the highest level of food insecurity ever experienced. Furthermore, some 45,000 people in Unity (25,000) and Jonglei (20,000) are still experiencing catastrophic conditions and face the prospect of starvation if humanitarian assistance is not sustained.