WFP continues to ramp up its efforts to prevent a catastrophic decline in food security. Following the latest IPC analysis predicting 3.9 million people to face acute food insecurity by August, WFP plans to scale up operations to reach 3.2 million people this year. In addition to deepening food insecurity due to ongoing fighting, the rainy season has started and WFP has only a short window left to transport additional food commodities by road to many locations.
WFP has successfully scaled up life-saving food and nutrition assistance to the most vulnerable during the month of April. In spite of logistical constraints due to military action, bad weather and fuel shortages, close to 600,000 people were reached under the Emergency Operation, which is a 65% increase from the previous month. Over 51,000 children under 5 received supplementary nutrition assistance.
Despite access challenges, WFP continues to make every effort to increase food deliveries to people in need. In order to enable regular airlifts as well as airdrops, WFP Logistics has air assets based in four locations in South Sudan and Ethiopia. The newest airbase in Ethiopia became operational in Asosa on 15 May.
It is expected to have a more assured aviation fuel supply than Gambella, although a marked improvement there has also been achieved over the past week. Boat deliveries have faced increasing security constraints but a new corridor was successfully opened from Gambella to Akobo, Jonglei state. WFP has also actively engaged with national authorities to obtain formal confirmation to move barges along the Nile. In addition, WFP is seeking to increase local food purchases in Upper Nile State which will significantly reduce lead times.
- Cross-border access from Sudan. On Sunday, 25 May, representatives of the Government of South Sudan, the Government of Sudan and WFP will meet in Khartoum to discuss operating modalities for road, river and air movement of humanitarian cargoes from Sudan to South Sudan.