South Sudan

WFP South Sudan Country Brief, October 2017

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Highlights

  • Latest IPC update warns that as many as 4.8 million people (45 percent of the population) face severe food insecurity in South Sudan— out of which 25,000 people are currently in Humanitarian Catastrophe (Phase 5). At the beginning of 2018 the number of severely food insecure people is expected to increase to 5.1 million.

  • WFP assisted 4.6 million people since the beginning of the year. This is the highest number of people served by WFP in South Sudan.

  • WFP called for a quick end to conflict to stop the ongoing hunger crisis in South Sudan at this year’s International World Food Day.

Operational Updates

  • Food Assistance: So far this year, WFP has distributed over 208,300 mt of food and nutrition commodities by road, air and river to provide food and nutrition assistance to 4.6 million people in South Sudan. Out of these, 1.8 million people have been assisted in hard-toreach areas through the WFP integrated rapid response mechanism (IRRM) teams. In September, despite security, access and weather challenges, WFP assisted 2.7 million people with 27,000 mt of food and nutrition commodities.

  • IPC: the latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) update released on 6 November 2017 highlights that the food security situation remains dire across the country. South Sudan entered the harvest season in September 2017 with 6 million people (56% of the total population) estimated to be severely food insecure, out of which 40,000 are in Humanitarian Catastrophe (Phase 5) and 2 million are facing Emergency (Phase 4) food insecurity. Post-harvest gains in October-December 2017 are expected to reduce the number of severely food insecure people to 4.8 million people, with 25,000 in Humanitarian Catastrophe.
    However, the situation is much worse than the same time last year with 1.4 million more people not knowing where their next meal is coming from. The worsening situation is attributed mainly to the protracted conflict that affected farming activities and the ongoing economic crisis. Moreover, the 2018 lean season - when people’s food stocks run out - is likely to start earlier than usual. It is now predicted the number of severely food insecure people will increase to 5.1 million in the first quarter of next year, with 20,000 people facing Humanitarian Catastrophe.

  • World Food Day: WFP, together with FAO, UNHCR and other partners, celebrated World Food Day on 16 October in Juba. The event was attended by the First Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan, the Minister of Agriculture and Food Security, the Minister of Agriculture and Forestry of Jubek State as well as representatives of the humanitarian community. During his speech, WFP Representative and Country Director, Adnan Khan, stressed the alarming levels of food insecurity and malnutrition in the country. Khan also underlined that addressing food insecurity and malnutrition in the South Sudan conflict cannot be ‘business as usual’. It requires a conflict-sensitive approach that aligns actions for immediate humanitarian assistance, long-term development and sustaining peace.