The objective of the VAS is to provide baseline data to map the basic needs and critical gaps of services in areas of high return and to share the findings with government authorities and partners for better planning and targeting of transition and recovery activities. Wau County was prioritized by the Inter Cluster Working Group (ICWG) in Wau due to the increasing number of returnees observed to be moving from the PoC AA site and collective centres (churches) back to their home areas in Wau County. Ninety-four per cent of IDPs staying at PoC AA are from Wau County itself.
The sources of data used for VAS are derived from four complementary and integrated questionnaires: Boma Questionnaire, Payam Authorities Questionnaire, Health Technical Questionnaire and Education Technical Questionnaire.
A mixed methods approach of key informant interviews, focus group discussions and direct observation was utilized to collect and triangulate data throughout the data collection process. The data collection teams conducted the assessments in the locations of interest by physically visiting each of the bomas / residential areas or villages including health and education facilities.
In efforts to build the capacity of national and locally based actors, IOM conducted the VAS in close collaboration with the RRC.
IOM conducted a comprehensive three-day training for enumerators recruited by IOM. The first two days focused on effective data collection techniques and methods, an in-depth review of the questionnaires and technical training on GPS devices. On the third day, data enumerators applied the theory using the questionnaires and technical training on GPS devices by simulating a eld exercise.
Following the successful completion of the training, the data collection teams were deployed to cover two payams, ve bomas / residential areas and 84 villages.
For details on locations and proles of all 238 water sources, 84 villages, 18 health facilities and 92 education facilities, please access the DTM VAS interactive portal at http://arcg.is/1CffWX