Urban Food Security & Nutrition Assessment, Bor Town, Jonglei - June 2017
Urban food insecurity in South Sudan has been of increasing concern in recent years since the outbreak of the conflict and the economic crisis causing hyperinflation and thus making many urban households vulnerable to food insecurity and malnutrition. After the studies in Juba, this assessment was conducted in order to understand the household food security and nutrition situation in the urban areas of Bor. The assessment is based on a survey of 625 households in 29 enumeration areas provided by the National Bureau of Statistics.
Following are the key findings of the study:
A very high level of food insecurity was found with 85 percent of the households being food insecure; 44 percent of them severely food insecure and another 41 percent moderately food insecure. The depreciation of the South Sudanese Pound and the resulting hyperinflation, has seriously impacted the purchasing power of the households thus making them extremely vulnerable. This was reflected by the finding that households on average were spending about 78% of their monthly expenditure on food.
Critical levels of malnutrition were found with a global acute malnutrition (GAM) of 25.7 percent, and high severe acute malnutrition (SAM) prevalence of 6.4 percent thus suggesting urgent nutrition interventions.
Hyperinflation has been the major cause of household food insecurity. The price of white sorghum has increased ten fold compared to the same month one year ago.
There was a significant deterioration in the livelihood in the past two years, with higher proportion of households now relying on unstable sources of income such as casual labour or sale of natural resources.
The income was not commensurate with the hyperinflation in the markets and thus households were spending 78 percent of their monthly expenditure on food.
Households with unstable sources of income such as casual labour, IDPs and returnee households, and those living with host families or temporary shelters were found to be relatively more food insecure than others.
A number of recommendations have been made based on the findings of the study. These including implementation of programmes to address acute malnutrition, cash and or voucher programmes to support household food security, livelihood support and support for improved sanitation.