South Sudan

UNICEF South Sudan Humanitarian Situation Report No. 166, February 2022



• UNICEF and partners treated 44,443 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) (54% girls) in therapeutic programs.

• Safe drinking water was provided to 100,306 flood affected individuals through Surface Water treatment systems.

• UNICEF distributed 50,702 mosquito nets to 101,404 pregnant women and children under 5 years who are displaced by floods.

• UNICEF and partners launched two Measles Reactive Campaigns in response to confirmed outbreaks, reaching close to 90% of children.

• UNICEF and partners reached 5,700 children (2,704 girls) with Psychosocial support activities in facilities and communities.

• UNICEF, with the State Ministry of General Education and partners successfully facilitated the national primary eight school leaving examinations for 6,120 students in hard-to-reach counties

Situation in Numbers

4.5 million Children in Need of Humanitarian Assistance

8.3 million People in Need of Humanitarian Assistance (OCHA, HNO, February 2022)

2 million Internally Displaced People (OCHA, Snapshot, April 2022)

1.4 million children expected to suffer from acute malnutrition (UNICEF, HAC, 2022)

Funding Overview and Partnerships

In 2022, UNICEF requires US$ 183.6 million to meet the critical and lifesaving needs of children and women affected by the concurrent shocks in South Sudan, including conflict, cyclical drought, flooding, and the residual impact of COVID-19. The funding required will enable UNICEF to deliver services to children and women and to protect their right and expand their opportunities to reach their full potential. In February 2022 UNICEF funding gap stands at US$148.0 million.

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

South Sudan is facing an unprecedented humanitarian situation caused by persistent conflict, climatic shocks, preventable disease, and rising costs. Over 70 per cent of the men, women and children in South Sudan will struggle to survive the peak of the lean season this year.

Flood waters in many areas have not resided, and displaced populations, now living in fragile temporary settlements. In such areas, reports have shown shocking levels of sexual and gender-based violence, major children protection risks, as well as increasing preventable disease, including acute watery diarrhea and pneumonia due to limited services, high vulnerability and poor living conditions. In February, South Sudan further witnessed a high degree of subnational violence. Unity and Upper Nile States were marred by armed clashes between groups associated with the Kitwang group, SPLM-iO and SSPDF causing high casualty rates. Renewed armed conflict, also in Southern Unity (Koch, Mayardit & Leer), has displaced over 25,000 civilians and cut off essential services and basic needs. In such areas, protection risks have increased, including family separation, child recruitment, abduction and sexual and gender-based violence. In Abyei, tension remains high due to clashes between the Misseriya of Sudan and Unity State Cattle keepers at Panakwach which has displaced over 70,000 people and destroyed several health facilities. In Eastern Equatoria, the security situation deteriorated following an influx of well-armed cattle keepers and large herds into several agricultural areas, particularly in Torit and Magwi Counties. In Western Equatoria populations, especially women and children, remain displaced from conflict that erupted in 2021, due to continued tensions. The continued displacement is increasing vulnerability, and many remain without adequate access to services, including clean water and basic shelter. In Mvolo, new humanitarian needs are emerging where IDPs who had displaced to Mundri have returned and find themselves in dire humanitarian situation.

Conflicts and violence have impacted humanitarian services, including the looting of health and nutrition facilities, relocation of personnel and suspension of services due to violence. An attack against a UN Convoy was also reported in Twic East, Jonglei State, as well as the looting of INGO vehicles in Yei, Central Equatoria.