· The situation in South Sudan has drastically deteriorated in the past two weeks, with heavy fighting on-going across Unity and Upper Nile states. 100,000 people have been displaced and 650,000 have been cut off from aid as humanitarian organizations have been forced to withdraw from affected areas.
· According to dozens of testimonies collected through the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM), armed men and boys in military and civilian clothing have burned whole villages to the ground, while large numbers of girls and women were raped and killed. At least 19 boys and seven girls were killed while others were mutilated or recruited. UNICEF is working with partners to provide appropriate support to survivors and is using MRM reports to inform advocacy efforts aimed at encouraging an immediate cessation of grave child rights violations.
· Six recent SMART nutrition surveys conducted in Unity, Warrap and Northern Bar El Ghazal states found that global acute malnutrition rates above the 15 per cent emergency threshold: Mayom (30.0 per cent); Abiemnhom (26.5 per cent); Twic (25.6 per cent); Aweil South (24.9 per cent); Panyijar (24.2 per cent); and Pariang (23.4 per cent). A total of 43,408 children 6-59 months suffering from severe acute malnutrition have been admitted to therapeutic feeding programmes by UNICEF and partners in 2015 (note: only half of partners have reported for April).