UNICEF South Sudan Humanitarian Situation Report, 31 March - 30 April 2018
• On 17 April, 248 children were released from SPLA-iO and former South Sudan National Liberation Movement (SSNLM) in Bakiwiri, Western Equatoria State, bringing the total number children released from armed forces/groups in 2018 to 596, including 211 girls.
• UNICEF with partners reached 103,207 people with curative consultations, including 51,351 children under five years, through health facilities, community outreach and integrated rapid response mechanism (IRRM) missions, bringing the cumulative total of children under five years reached to 176,395 in 2018.
• Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) campaigns were completed in five of South Sudan’s most stable states (Central, Eastern and Western Equatoria, Northern Bahr el Ghazal and Lakes), during which 1,088,360 (84.3 per cent) of the targeted 1,675,977 children 0 to 59 months were immunized.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
Internally displaced persons (IDPs) (OCHA South Sudan Humanitarian Bulletin, 30 April 2018)
South Sudanese refugees in neighbouring countries (OCHA South Sudan Humanitarian Bulletin, 30 April 2018)
South Sudanese who are food insecure (February-April 2018 Projection, Integrated Food Security Phase Classification: The Republic of South Sudan, 01 January 2018)
Carry-over from 2017: $64,843,099
Funding Gap: $92,625,730
2018 Funding Requirement: USD 183.3M
Funds Received: $25,841,042
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
The overall security situation in South Sudan remained volatile, with continued armed skirmishes and frequent mobilization of forces between government and opposition factions, particularly in Unity, Upper Nile and Central Equatoria. Insecurity arising from ongoing conflict impeded several of UNICEF’s programming efforts on the ground, including nutrition activities in Uror Country, Jonglei State; WASH activities in Guit, Koch, Mayendit and Leer counties, Northern and Southern Liech states; as well as education activities in Rubkona, Koch, and Northern Mayendit. Seventeen trucks carrying cargo for Torit, Kapoeta, Mundri, Maridi and Yambio could not proceed as planned due to insecurity along the route.
In addition to the pressures that ongoing insecurity exerts on humanitarian needs, much of the fighting observed in April has taken place in areas identified as facing potential crisis and emergency food security statuses by the February 2018 Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) report. This report projects 6.3 million (57 per cent) and 7.1 million (63 per cent) of the population as facing crisis and emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4, respectively) acute food insecurity in the absence of humanitarian assistance in February-April and May-July 2018, respectively. Additionally, 55,150 and 155,000 people are projected to face catastrophic nutrition conditions in February-April and May-July 2018, respectively.