On 9 May, in Addis Ababa, the Government of South Sudan and opposition signed an agreement to resolve the crisis. Both parties agreed to end the conflict and to cooperate with humanitarian partners to scale up operations to meet the needs of the one million people affected by the conflict.
Since the start of the conflict, the number of displaced people within South Sudan has continued to increase, with over one million people now internally displaced. A total of 310,500 have fled to neighboring countries.
In Upper Nile, heavy fighting in Nasir and Ulang counties caused significant movement of people. Over the last week, more than 11,000 people have sought refuge in Ethiopia.
The latest Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) food security analysis indicates that some 3.7 million people are experiencing emergency levels of food insecurity.
Malaria, Acute respiratory infection and acute watery diarrhea continue to be the main causes of morbidity during this week. Measles trend continues to decline – ongoing measles vaccination campaigns in affected States as well as integrated measles and polio vaccination campaign supported by UNICEF are contributing to this reduction.
On 15 May, the Ministry of Health declared cholera outbreak in Juba, and 18 suspected cholera cases have been reported in Juba with one death. The National Cholera Task Force has been reconstituted, and UNICEF is leading 2 of the 3 Working Groups (WASH and Social Mobilization), while WHO will lead the Case Management + Surveillance. UNICEF is coordinating actions with partners, reinforcing awareness among staff, prepositioning diarrhoeal disease kits in PoC sites and has developed a multi-sectorial plan of action.