The situation in Upper Nile remains tense. Heavy fighting broke out in the northern parts on 23 April, especially in Renk County. Unconfirmed reports suggested that some 30,000 - 40,000 displaced people are heading towards Melut.
The number of people displaced within South Sudan increased to 923,000. Almost 300,000 more have fled to neighboring countries.
The first phase of the national integrated measles, polio vaccination and vitamin A supplementation campaign in seven non-affected states was launched on April 23 by the Ministry of Health, WHO and UNICEF. An estimated 2.4 million children under five will be reached through the campaign. UNICEF supported vaccine procurement, transportation, cold chain equipment, advocacy and social mobilization, and overall technical assistance in planning and preparation.
As part of the Rapid Response Mechanism (UNICEF, WFP, FAO) multi-sector response has been provided to nine locations. Around 14,300 children 6-59 months were screened for malnutrition; 94 Metric tons of life-saving supplies distributed.