South Sudan

Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Stephen O’Brien Remarks to the Press, Juba, South Sudan, 3 August 2016

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Today, I conclude my timely and important three-day visit to South Sudan where I had the opportunity to see for myself the enormous and complex multifaceted humanitarian crisis facing the people of this young country.

This is my second visit to South Sudan since I assumed my role as Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator in June last year. Sadly, since I was here one year ago, the humanitarian situation has significantly deteriorated, including in areas that were relatively stable last time I visited. Displacement and hunger are now widespread across the country.

During my visit, I had the opportunity to meet with His Excellency the President of the Republic of South Sudan, Mr. Salva Kiir Mayardit, and his most senior Government Officials to discuss the dire and worsening humanitarian crisis. I expressed my shock and dismay at the appalling reports of violations committed against civilians during fighting in recent months, including in Juba. In particular, I condemned the heinous acts of sexual violence carried out against women and girls, including by members of the armed forces.

I also reiterated the need for humanitarians to be granted free, safe and unhindered access to all people in need, wherever they may be, and for humanitarian workers and their assets to be treated with respect. Humanitarian workers are saving lives while risking their own, and I am appalled that they continue to be harassed, targeted and killed. When I briefed you last year, I told you that 27 of our colleagues had lost their lives and many more were missing and unaccounted for. Today, the number of aid workers killed since December 2013 is 57 and many more are still missing. This is absolutely unacceptable, and I urged the President to take immediate action to end the impunity that has prevailed to date.

I met with humanitarian partners and members of the diplomatic community here in South Sudan to discuss the grave situation and ways to scale up the humanitarian operation. I stressed my admiration for the unwavering commitment and courage of aid workers across this country, who continue to alleviate suffering, despite the immense challenges they face each day. I paid special tribute to the NGOs that are on the frontlines of humanitarian response. I also met with UNMISS leadership to discuss the many challenges facing South Sudan and efforts underway by the United Nations to better protect civilians both inside its bases and beyond.

Yesterday, I travelled to Wau and Aweil, where I was able to meet with displaced and severely food insecure people and hear first-hand the stories of their plight. Women in Wau told me how they were attacked and displaced multiple times; I spoke personally with three courageous women who told me how women and girls were raped, and men and boys were killed, abducted or prevented from seeking protection. They told me that they need security to continue their lives. In Aweil, I met with a woman who brought her 8- month-old daughter, Icahn, to a treatment centre for severe acute malnutrition. The mother herself was malnourished and could no longer breastfeed. She had already lost the baby’s twin due to malnutrition not long before.

Let’s be clear: people are not just fleeing their homes because they need food, shelter or medical care and school for their children. They are fleeing through fear for their lives – just as you or I would if faced with the same hideous threat. We must protect them and we must save their lives with food, water, medical care and shelter.

The situations that I saw in Wau and Aweil are emblematic of the devastating fate that has befallen this country since I last visited. In July 2015, both of these locations were seen as beacons of hope and prospects for development. Today, one is mired in conflict and the other is facing the worst food insecurity it has seen in many years – and is at real risk of getting worse, even despite the amazing work of the UN humanitarians and our partners.

But Wau and Aweil are just the tip of the iceberg. In each location where there has been fighting, civilians have been attacked and forcibly displaced. Over two million people have fled their homes since December 2013. Some 1.6 million people are displaced inside South Sudan, with more than 900,000 people having fled to neighbouring countries. Just last month, more than 60,000 South Sudanese crossed the border into Uganda. Across the country, some 4.8 million people are severely food insecure and a quarter of a million children are severely malnourished. Again this year we are battling a cholera outbreak.

The people of this country have suffered far too much. There is no military solution to this conflict; the fighting must stop and the atrocities must end immediately. I call on all armed actors to immediately silence the guns, end the culture of impunity, and allow civilians to live in peace.

I thank the international community for their continued generosity to South Sudan. Already this year, donors have given more than half a billion dollars for the Humanitarian Response Plan. But we still have a gap of more than US$700 million, and this will increase once the appeal is revised in the coming weeks to reflect the needs that have arisen since the beginning of 2016.

So far this year, even in the most difficult circumstances, aid workers have reached more than 2.8 million people with assistance and protection. Despite the violence, intimidation, and interference they have faced, aid agencies are determined to assist civilians across this country who have already suffered too much. The scale, breadth and depth of humanitarian needs in South Sudan continue to grow, and the plight of the people here demands the world’s attention. I therefore call on the international community to support us in averting an even worse humanitarian tragedy here in South Sudan.

Thank you.

For further information, please contact:
Guiomar Pau Sole, Public Information Officer, OCHA South Sudan ( / +254 795742338, +211920100411)
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