There is growing recognition of the interaction between aid and the drivers of conflict. In South Sudan, the scale and nature of this international assistance make it inevitable that aid will affect the economic, social and political drivers of conflict for better or worse. This has led to increased interest in and support for promoting more conflict-sensitive approaches to the design, delivery and management of aid.
This paper explores the challenges associated with promoting more conflict-sensitive approaches in humanitarian situations such as South Sudan. It draws on the experience implementing the pilot phase of the Conflict Sensitivity Resource Facility (CSRF) in South Sudan between 2016 and 2018 and presents five lessons to inform future initiatives by donors and other aid organisations. It emphasises that building organisations’ capacity to adopt conflict-sensitive approaches must involve systemic organisational change that goes beyond commissioning context analysis, ad hoc training and toolkits.