South Sudan UNHCR Operational Update (September 2019)
POPULATIONS OF CONCERN
299,162 Number of refugees in South Sudan. 92% came from Sudan, 5% from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2% from Ethiopia, and 1% from the Central African Republic.
1.46 million Number of internally displaced persons in South Sudan, 12% of which are staying inside six UNMISS Protection of Civilians sites.
213,376 Number of South Sudanese refugees who have returned to South Sudan in a self-organized manner (November 2017 – 30 September 2019) of 2.3 million displaced.
FUNDING AS OF SEPTEMBER 2019 $152.2 million Requested for 2019
In this issue
South Sudan’s Commission for Refugee Affairs and UNHCR secured the release of 20 registered asylum-seekers after they were detained by immigration officials in Juba, Central Equatoria State. (Page 3)
UNHCR ramped up its response to severe seasonal flooding in in Maban County, which hosts over 150,000 refugees. (Page 3)
More than 17,000 refugee children were screened for malnutrition as part of a quarterly exercise. Eight-hundredand-fifty were enrolled to receive supplementary nutrition support. (Page 6)
Twenty-seven refugee students were selected to receive scholarships through the DAFI programme (Albert Einstein German Academic Refugee Initiative). (Page 6)
Thousands of people were internally displaced in Warrap and Central Equatoria by flooding and armed conflict, respectively. UNHCR and partners provided emergency support. (Page 9)
A face-to-face meeting between President Salva Kiir and main opposition leader Dr. Riek Machar in September raised confidence amongst the South Sudanese. It was the first time the two had met in person since a joint visit to the Vatican in April.
The parties to the peace agreement progressed with plans to canton soldiers as part of their efforts to create a unified army which is a positive step towards peace. However, the cantonment sites present protection challenges for neighboring communities, including refugees.
In an encouraging development for Sudanese refugees, Sudanese opposition groups agreed on a roadmap to peace with the Sudanese government on 11 September.
Armed conflict in South Sudan has declined since the parties to the civil war signed a peace agreement in September 2018; however, implementation of the deal is lagging and the political situation remains fragile.
Meanwhile, poor rule of law and easy access to arms has resulted in an increase in inter- and intra-communal violence that continues to displace people. Still, the South Sudanese are hopeful and, despite UNHCR’s non-return advisory, refugees and internally displaced persons are showing interest in heading home.
At the same time, insecurity in neighboring countries has caused nearly 300,000 persons to seek protection in South Sudan.
UNHCR South Sudan supports refugees in 21 camps and settlements across the country, and is heavily involved in the IDP response throughout the country. UNHCR is also working closely with South Sudan’s Relief and Rehabilitation Commission and other partners to monitor spontaneously returning South Sudanese refugees and their protection needs.