South Sudan + 6 more

South Sudan Situation Supplementary Appeal January - December 2016 (August 2016)

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A total of __USD 643 million__* requested for the period January ‐ December 2016, including:

         - USD 5.3 million for **CAR**
         - USD 6.3 million for the **DRC**
         - USD 113.8 million for **Ethiopia**
         - USD 31.8 million for **Kenya**
         - USD 275.7 million for **South Sudan**
         - USD 64.6 million for **Sudan**
         - USD 139 million for **Uganda**

*This total includes regional activities and support costs (7%)

Since December 2013, some 855,800 South Sudanese have fled to neighbouring countries, including the Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda. In addition to this outflow, a further 120,000 South Sudanese who never returned after the end of the 20-year civil war remain refugees in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda, as do an estimated 350,000 South Sudanese who remained in Sudan after South Sudan’s independence in 2011.

Population outflows have continued despite the signing in August 2015 of the agreement brokered by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan, and the subsequent formation at the end of May 2016 of the Transitional Government of National Unity in South Sudan. These outflows resulted in a revision of the South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRP) and the creation of a UNHCR Supplementary Appeal for the South Sudan Situation in July 2016.

Shortly after the finalisation of this Supplementary Appeal, however, renewed fighting in Juba, South Sudan triggered another mass outflow of South Sudanese people. Since 7 July, over 120,000 people have fled to neighbouring countries, mostly to Uganda. This influx has exceeded Uganda’s end of year planning figure of potential refugees from South Sudan. The significant population upsurge in Uganda of over 70,000 South Sudanese refugees since the beginning of July and increase in their associated humanitarian needs has prompted a second revision of the Uganda country chapter of the 2016 South Sudan Regional RRP and the UNHCR Supplementary Appeal in August 2016. With this second revision, the overall end of year population planning figure for South Sudanese refugees in Uganda has risen from 271,000 to 350,000 people, with the country currently hosting over 300,000 South Sudanese.

Overall, by the end of August 2016, there were 975,801 South Sudanese refugees hosted across the sub-region, with the number increasing daily. An additional 76,000 refugees are expected before the end of the year. This would bring the population planning figure for South Sudanese refugees in the sub-region to over one million.

At the same time, there are 1.6 million IDPs in South Sudan. Their situation is worsening, with fighting in previously peaceful areas of Eastern Equatoria and western Bahrl el Gazl, food insecurity in northern Bahr El Ghazal, in Warrap States and Western Equatoria, and severe funding shortages curtailing provision of basic humanitarian assistance.

With the second revision of the RRP in August reflecting updated planning figures detailing the protection and life-saving needs of new arrivals in Uganda, this revised Supplementary Appeal presents UNHCR's updated planned response to the South Sudan emergency from January to December 2016. It outlines UNHCR’s response to the needs of South Sudanese refugees in host countries, and for a smaller number of IDPs and other refugee populations hosted in South Sudan. This includes Sudanese refugees, urban refugees and people at risk of statelessness.

The financial requirements requested in this Supplementary Appeal will enable UNHCR and partners to maintain life-saving and life-sustaining assistance for refugees and address the needs of new arrivals from South Sudan. Priority will be given to the delivery of core protection activities and essential life-saving assistance. Critical unmet needs remain across all sectors affecting refugees’ living conditions and the quality and sustainability of assistance and services.