While the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement is largely holding nationwide, intense inter-communal violence has persevered in Jonglei and in other parts of South Sudan in recent months, causing death, injury, displacement and loss of livelihood in areas where people have already suffered from the impact of floods and from high levels of severe food insecurity.
On 16 May, major clashes broke out in Jonglei State killing up to 242 people and wounding many others. One staff member of Medecins sans Frontieres was killed. Initial reporting indicates three villages around Pieri, Yuaiand Mwo Tot experienced significant destruction. The number of casualties and injured is likely to be underreported as it concerns a remote area, with many people taking refuge in the bush.
The newly established Revitalised Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGoNU) and all relevant stakeholders have a responsibility to stabilise the situation and facilitate the safe and unhindered access of humanitarian workers to those most in need and affected by the conflict.