SUMMARY OF NEEDS
Displacements and population movements (e.g. returns) in which people are forced to leave behind basic household items, will fuel the need for S-NFI support in 2016. While the exact number of people in need will be contingent upon events within the country, current trends suggest that around 1.3 million people will require NFI assistance in 2016.
Further outbreaks of violence and ongoing perceptions of insecurity will likely prevent people from moving out of the POCs and static settlement sites (e.g. Dethomas) and may attract additional influxes that will also require assistance. There will thus be a need to maintain and reinforce existing shelters in the IDP sites, as well as to provide shelters for new arrivals and those transitioning from tents into single family homes (e.g. Malakal). The estimated need for shelter in the PoCs and concentrated IDP sites, based on DTM figures, is 222,500 individuals. In addition, there may be new needs for shelter support emerging outside of the POCs and static settlement sites for vulnerable communities. This is includes a number of returnees that are expected to arrive from Ethiopia and other neighboring countries in 2016 and may be faced with challenges related not only to shelter but also to land. While the need for shelter support should decrease during the dry season due to the availability of shelter materials such as grass, poles and bamboo, the simultaneous opening of the roads will likely lead to fresh fighting which could prompt new displacements and additional shelter needs.
As the economic situation worsens, leaving communities without access to markets and cash, normal coping mechanisms may be compromised, leaving communities more vulnerable to regular hazards such as flooding. Further, the inability to pay for housing and basic household items in urban centers will like lead to the growth of urban slums, an increase in homelessness, and a rise in the need for humanitarian assistance in urban areas. Females will continue to be disproportionately affected by any lack of shelter and NFI given both their role in the household and the protection risks associated with not having an enclosed and private space.