South Sudan Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 10 | 30 October 2018
• Fifty-five per cent of the overall population in Juba PoC sites are children and youth under the age of 18.
• Displacement and humanitarian needs continue to rise due to renewed fighting between armed groups in greater Baggari areas.
• Partners have managed to send boats with food items to Ulang County, Upper Nile, for the first time since civil war broke out in December 2013.
• An inter-agency team visited Lirangu to assess the needs of nearly 4,000 displaced people.
• An investigation by UNMISS and the office of Human Rights reports violations of international Human Rights and Humanitarian Law by armed groups against civilians in Gbudue and Tambura.
More than 55 per cent of IDPs in Juba PoC sites are children
A total of 32,113 displaced people was registered in Juba’s two Protection of Civilian (PoC) sites during a biometric registration exercise that was concluded on 23 October.
Fifty-five per cent of the overall population in the PoC sites were children and young people under the age of 18.
Fifty-two per cent of the population were men and boys, 48 per cent were women and girls. The average household size was 3.6 people, excluding 6,105 people who registered independently rather than as a household unit.
Average household sizes may be even higher as families sometimes split and register as multiple separate households for a variety of reasons.The PoC 1 site remains the smaller of the two PoC sites in Juba, with a total of 7,515 people currently living there. The PoC 3 site hosts 24,598 individuals.
The new registration numbers show a significant drop of 18 per cent from earlier figures dating back to a previous registration exercise conducted in October 2016. Almost half of the decrease is due to the relocation of 3,379 people from Juba PoC 3 site to Mangateen, an informal site in Juba, following inter-communal tensions.
The registration data also indicated that more than 3,600 individuals left the PoC sites for unknown destinations.
Hundreds of thousands of people sought safety in UN bases after the breakout of conflict and widespread violence in the country in December 2013. The PoC sites in Juba host mainly people displaced from Juba town and locations in Unity.
Biometric registration is being undertaken in many locations in South Sudan, which allows for a more accurate picture of the population living in a displacement site and enables agencies to plan assistance in a more targeted and accountable way.
Thousands of South Sudanese children are growing up in UN protection sites around the country. Some have lived their entire lives in the camps. Many are now starting their primary schooling at educational facilities provided by humanitarian organizations.
With the signing of the Revitalized Peace Agreement relative calm has begun to descend on many parts of the country. Refugees and displaced people are beginning to return home.
However, in recent months, 95 per cent of those arriving at UN camps in the capital Juba say they are not in immediate fear for their lives or seeking protection. Rather, they are looking for access to basic services and to be reunited with family.
As of 30 October, the number of people uprooted since the start of the conflict in 2013 has reached more than 4.4 million, including nearly 1.97 million internally displaced people, with up to 85 per cent estimated to be children and women.
Of those, a total of 186,747 are sheltering at the UNMISS PoC sites across the country.
Nearly 2.2 million have departed to neighboring countries including Ethiopia, DRC, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda.