South Sudan: Humanitarian Access Snapshot (April 2019)
Humanitarian access continued to improve generally across South Sudan. Humanitarian partners accessed the vast majority of the country without major incidents. Improved access to greater Baggari continued, as the Governor of Wau declared the free movement of aid workers. However, operational interference and bureaucratic impediments continued at all levels, particularly around attempts to impose fees and extract resources. This hampered timely and principled humanitarian assistance. Localized hostilities and criminality temporarily suspended operations due to insecurity. Criminal targeting of aid organizations was likely related to the economic crisis, rather than being ideology-driven. Small areas of insecurity around Yei in Central Equatoria persisted. However, restrictions of movement reduced due to dialogue with State and non-State armed forces and groups on free and safe humanitarian access, particularly for Ebola preparedness activities. Organizations reached Koyoki and Birigo from Yei, following extensive negotiations. April was marked by 11 incidents involving ambushes on humanitarian vehicles, 4 of which were in Kapoeta East and Budi of Eastern Equatoria. Eastern Equatoria saw a doubling in the average number of monthly incidents over the past 12 months, primarily due to crime and insecurity along the Torit-Kapoeta road. A quarter of all incidents affected the food security and livelihood sector, mostly involving road ambushes and unauthorized taxation. Persisting inter-communal violence and heightened insecurity in Jur River County in Western Bahr el Ghazal delayed humanitarian access to reach around 4,000 displaced women and children.