South Sudan Food Security Crisis - Awerial County - Food Security and Livelihoods, Lakes State, South Sudan, July 2018

Overview

As of January 2018, an estimated 5.3 million South Sudanese were facing Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) acute food insecurity, according to the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC).1 With the aim of facilitating a better understanding of the food security and livelihoods situation in South Sudan and to inform the IPC September 2018 Update, REACH has developed food security and livelihood (FSL) factsheets of counties where settlements have been assessed using the Area of Knowledge (AoK) methodology.

REACH employs its Area of Knowledge (AoK) methodology to collect relevant information in hardto-reach areas to inform humanitarian planning and interventions outside formal settlement sites. Using AoK methodology, REACH remotely monitors needs and access to services in the Greater Upper Nile,
Greater Equatoria and Greater Bahr el Ghazal regions. AoK data is collected monthly and through multi-sector interviews with the following typology of Key Informants (KIs):

  • KIs who are newly arrived internally displaced persons (IDPs) who have left a hard-to-reach settlement in the last month

  • KIs who have had contact with someone living or have been in a hard-to-reach settlement in the last month (traders, migrants, family members, etc.)

  • KIs who are remaining in hard-to-reach settlements, contacted through phone

Selected KIs are purposively sampled and have knowledge from within the last month about a specific settlement in South Sudan, with data collected at the settlement level. About half of settlements assessed have more than one KI reporting on the settlement. In these cases, data presented at the settlement level is the modal (most frequent) response for KIs reporting on that settlement. If there is an even number of ‘yes/ no’ responses, data is aggregated as ‘no consensus’.

All percentages presented in this factsheet, unless otherwise specified, represent the proportion of settlements assessed with that specific response. The findings presented in this factsheet are indicative of the broad food security and livelihood trends in assessed settlements in July 2018, and are not statistically generalisable.