On 9 November, the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) facilitated the recommitment to the implementation of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement of 23 January.
Escalating inter-communal tensions between the youth in the Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites in Malakal, Upper Nile State, continued to disrupt humanitarian operations.
Tensions remained high in the northern areas of Pigi/Canal County, Jonglei State, following heavy fighting between armed groups. Aid agencies are assessing the impact and needs.
The situation in parts of Warrap State remains dire as floods continued to destroy lives and livelihoods,and hinder access.
3.8 million People to be assisted by the end of the year
3.5 million People reached with humanitarian assistance *
1.91 million People displaced by conflict since December 2013
1.44 million People internally displaced
Inter-ethnic tensions escalated in the PoC sites in Malakal, as a group of youth in the new PoC sites continued to block humanitarian services from reaching the displaced people in PoC 1 and 2. The youth are also preventing people from PoC 1 and 2 from accessing the market and traders from selling food to them. Incidents of harassment, intimidation and assault, including on aid workers were reported on a daily basis, resulting in the scaling down of some services. National staff were particularly targeted, affecting timely and effective delivery of humanitarian services in the sites. Health partners reported a five per cent increase in acute watery diarrhea cases in PoC 1 and 2, due to the disruption of sanitation and hygiene campaigns. Nearly 1,000 displaced people from PoC 1 and 2 are living in temporary learning spaces denying some 1,000 children access to education. A humanitarian delegation led by the Deputy Humanitarian Coordinator visited the area to assess and resolve the situation.
Elsewhere, heavy fighting between armed groups in Pigi/Canal and Fangak counties, Jonglei State, reportedly led to the displacement of about 14,000 people to Old Fangak area. An unknown number of people remained displaced in Ayod and New Fangak areas. Sixteen aid workers were relocated from Canal and Old Fangak areas. An assessment team travelled to Old Fangak to assess the situation, and recommend appropriate response.
On 9 November, IGAD Special Envoys on South Sudan welcomed the signing of the Implementation Matrix and detailed timetable to implement the Cessation of Hostilties Agreement (23 January) in South Sudan. The Matrix outlines specific and time-bound actions to be undertaken by the parties to ensure protection of civilians, guarantee humanitarian access and cease hostilities.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.