Under the 2017 South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan, humanitarian partners aim to respond to the most life-threatening needs of 5.8 million people out of an estimated 7.5 million in need of humanitarian protection and assistance across South Sudan.
In the face of rapidly growing needs, the plan represents the result of robust prioritization and difficult decision-making by humanitarian partners. It focuses on intervening in locations where the most lives are at risk and implementing activities with the greatest life-saving potential. Recognizing that South Sudan is first and foremost a protection crisis, a separate strategic objective on protection has been re-instated, and the centrality of protection has been reiterated throughout all aspects of the plan. The plan acknowledges that, given the expansion and deepening of the crisis, humanitarians will be able to meet only the most urgent and severe needs.
It is therefore circumspect in its ambitions and, rather than aiming to build resilience, focuses on responding in a way that bolsters the ability of those most at risk – particularly in hard-to-reach areas – to respond to the threats they face. The plan was developed in complement to the United Nations Country Team’s Interim Cooperation Framework (ICF), which includes efforts to build resilience and strengthen basic services, with every effort made to eliminate duplication and ensure maximum synergies between the plans. As South Sudan is a uniquely challenging and costly operational environment, the plan endeavours to maximize efficiency, in line with the Grand Bargain signed at the World Humanitarian Summit, including through the use of common logistical services core pipelines. Throughout 2017, humanitarian partners will continue to urge relevant authorities to allocate resources for humanitarian action, in line with their responsibilities.
1 Save lives and alleviate the suffering of those most in need of assistance and protection Aims to reduce excess death, injury and disease in South Sudan through strictly prioritized response in areas where needs are most severe. This objective encapsulates humanitarian partners’ commitment to good programming, conflict sensitivity, and upholding the core principle of do no harm, including through meaningful two-way communication with communities affected by the crisis. It stresses the importance of people’s ability to access humanitarian assistance and protection in safety and dignity
2 Protect the rights and uphold the dignity of the most vulnerable Recognizes that South Sudan is first and foremost a protection crisis and underscores the centrality of protection of civilians to the response. This objective highlights the role of humanitarians in advocating to prevent further violence, calling on all parties to uphold their responsibilities under international humanitarian law, establishing effective and dignified services for survivors, and promoting programming that reduces the protection risks faced by different population groups, particularly women, girls and boys. It also calls for all elements of the humanitarian response to be informed by a more in-depth understanding of the unique needs and vulnerabilities of different population groups.
3 Support at-risk communities to sustain their capacity to cope with significant threats Focuses on supporting at-risk communities to prepare for and manage the threats they face as a result of the multiple and inter-locking crises in South Sudan. The objective is circumspect, finite and focused on promoting concrete actions that humanitarians can take to help communities cope, including through the use of innovative modalities in hard-to-reach areas and encouraging community-based contingency planning. Recognising that the humanitarian contribution is bounded, humanitarian partners will engage intensively with authorities and development actors to promote resilience-building and the restoration of basic services across South Sudan, particularly through the Interim Cooperation Framework.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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