Situation Overview: Greater Bahr el Ghazal, South Sudan (April-June 2018)
Increased conflict in the Greater Bahr el Ghazal (GBeG)1 region led to waves of displacement and the further deterioration of food security between April and June 2018.
Armed clashes in Western Bahr el Ghazal (WBeG) State and the Greater Tonj area2 negatively impacted the ability of affected communities to meet primary needs and resulted in restricted humanitarian access to both areas. Meanwhile, environmental factors triggered severe food insecurity in Northern Bahr el Ghazal (NBeG) State.
REACH has been assessing hard-to-reach areas in WBeG since April 2017, NBeG since March 2018 and the Greater Tonj area since January 2018. The data was collected through key informant interviews on a monthly basis from settlements in Jur River, Wau, and Raja counties in WBeG State; Aweil North, East, South, Centre, and West Counties in NBeG State; and Tonj North, South and East Counties in Warrap State.
In the first quarter of 2018, REACH interviewed 1,417 key informants (KIs) across 983 settlements in 11 counties in the GBeG region. To triangulate the findings, REACH conducted 4 Gap Analysis Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), 2 Participatory Displacement Mapping FGDs, 2 Food Security and Livelihoods (FSL) FGDs and 1 Shocks Profiling FGD with a total of 61 participants. In addition, 5 key informants from humanitarian partners were consulted during the quarter. The findings were supplemented with secondary data and past REACH assessments of hard-to-reach areas.
To ensure an up to date understanding of current displacement dynamics and humanitarian conditions in settlements across WBeG State, NBeG State and Greater Tonj area, REACH interviewed KIs who were either new arrivals or in contact with an individual from the assessed settlement within the last month.
This situation overview evaluates changes in humanitarian needs and displacement dynamics across the GBeG region from April to June 2018. The first section analyses displacement and population movement and the second section focuses on access to food and basic services for both internally displaced persons (IDPs) and local populations in assessed settlements in GBeG.