South Sudan

Pre-Harvest SMART Nutrition Survey Report, August 2014

Attachments

• Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) prevalence rate in Aweil center was 5.7 % (3.8 - 8.6 95% C.I.) in May 2014 which exceed WHO’s threshold of 2.0 %. 

• Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) in Aweil center was 21.1 % (17.1 - 25.9 95% C.I.) There was no significant difference in the prevalence rates between May 2012, 2013 and May 2014(P>0.05).

• Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) prevalence can be seen to follow the seasonal trends in Aweil center with a prevalence of 21.1 % (17.1 - 25.9 95% C.I.) based on weight for height Z-scores (WHO Growth Standards 2006) in May 2014. 

• Child morbidity two weeks prior to the survey was very high with 34.6% (30.6 -50.0 95% CI) in Aweil center. • Mortality rates with 90 days recall period was at 0.62 (0.36-1.04) C.I. 95% for CMR and 0.77 (0.29-2.02) C.I. 95%.

• Among children that reported to have suffered from illness, fever was the highest morbidity at 44%, diahorea at 25%, and cough at 20% respectively. 

• Measles vaccination coverage was at 55% and Vitamin A coverage at 53% of the children 6 months of age and above. 

• Health seeking behavior was poor with 30.2% of community in Aweil center did not seek health care services when sick. 

• Across the region, “own production” was the main source of food at 54.7% while purchasing food was at 23.9%. 

• For Aweil center 41.1 % of children had acceptable individual dietary diversity score (IDDS) and 58.9% of children had poor IDDS

• Household with acceptable Food Consumption Score (FCS) is at 60.9% and Poor FCS is at 8.3% 

• Majority of households (74.5%) in Aweil Center has severe food insecurity access and had to adopt multiple coping mechanisms. 

• The latrine use in Aweil center was 1.9% while the utilization of bush/open defecation (designated and undesignated) remains high at 97.4% 

• Borehole was the main source of water for majority of households at 56.2%