South Sudan

Multi-sector household survey - Rumbek North County (Lakes State), June 2021

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Among the most important findings:

  • 70% of the HHs surveyed believed their livelihood had worsen due to lack of agriculture inputs and knowledge, insecurity, and drought.
  • The most needed support emerged on agriculture. Education is reported by only 15% of Madol population possibly due to lack of awareness.
  • 88% HHs identified Food expensive/ high food prices as the major problem, followed by Human sickness and insecurity and violence share second position with 50%, livestock diseases comes 3rd over the last 3 months
  • 72% of HHs adopted crisis coping strategies, with 32% already exhausted the crisis coping mechanisms.
  • 78% HHs affected by moderate hunger while 13% HHs experience severe hunger. Only 18% HHs have acceptable Food Consumption Score (FCS). 52% HHs have poor FCS, etc.
  • Mortality rate is high due to communicable diseases in children under 5 years with less health facilities to address emergency cases
  • 58% population still have no access to safe and stable drinking water sources.
  • The enrollment of children below 10 years stand at 48% with only 23% attending regularly. The enrollment of children above ten years stand at 55% which is still very low.
  • 38% of the respondents raised concern of no teachers in school as a factor to some schools not being operational.
  • Cash obtained from the sale of produce are mostly spent on basic food items like food, salt, Fish, soap/oil. The sale of produce obtained in common fields are more likely to be used for social investments, like medication and school fees, or productive reinvestments.
  • 83% HHs interviewed practice bush burning as a method of land clearing. Majority of the farmers are not familiar with basic agronomic practices with 70% practice inter-cropping.
  • Only 24% of HHs sold most of their produce (as opposed to consume it) and 37% saved in the form of seeds.
  • 33% of HHs received farming training basically on vegetable growing
  • 67% of the population rear animals and the common animals include; cattle, goats/sheep and chickens
  • The community seems to have no access to main markets for their animals due to insecurity along the road, no means of transport.
  • Milk production stands at an average of 2.5 litres per day and is basically for household consumption.
  • Only 3% sell their milk
  • The contemporary problems associated with cattle farming are disputes at water point, crop destruction by animals, cattle raiding and stealing which need guiding principles in place.
  • 92% who own house, uses it as living room as well as a kitchen and for keeping sheep/goats. There are no separate rooms for chicken, animals and even store.
  • 75% of respondents in all the five payams express AVSI community engagement in its program activities in their communities.
  • Still 77% of the HHs interviewed never received support on inputs for livestock, money/loan and other social safety nets.
  • 95% of the disputes cases reported are due to use of water source in Rumbek North.
  • Of the overall conflicts/hazard trend in Rumbek North county, 80% expressed to have reduced in the last period