- Supply routes from Darfur and South Kordofan, although officially closed, remain informally open with goods arriving into key market towns in Northern Bahr el Ghazal.
- The key threat to supply routes comes from insecurity along the Sudan and South Sudan border. Trade blockages by Sudan could be used as political leverage in negotiations between the two countries, especially during the dry season when local cultivation is lower and the population is most dependent on markets for food.
- Aweil, Warawar and Gok Machar, key market towns within Northern Bahr el Ghazal State, remain connected to Juba supply routes via Wau. Staple items, such as flour and oil, are transported from Uganda using this route.
- The depreciation of the South Sudanese Pound (SSP) has caused many foreign traders to leave the area, severely reducing the strength of the supply chain.