IRNA Report: Nimni Payam, Guit County, Unity State 4 - 6 March 2015
This IRNA Report is a product of Inter-Agency Assessment mission conducted and information compiled based on the inputs provided by partners on the ground including; government authorities, affected communities/IDPs and agencies.
Approximately 16,940 displaced people and vulnerable host community members have been identified by the SSRRA in Nimni payam, and an additional 71,000 in five payams within the immediate surroundings of Nimni.
The most vulnerable members of the community are women and children, whose livelihoods pattern has been drastically undermined by the on-going conflict, and the related human rights violations and abuses, as well as food insecurity in the region. Flooding in August 2014 further exacerbated and made complex the overall humanitarian situation, and exposed them further to extreme vulnerability. The scars of the conflict remains conspicuous, with several shelters burnt as a result of the fighting in January 2014 remaining in ruin; and population movement amongst the payams within Guit County is evident. People are surviving on wild foods including water lilies, lalob fruit, and very limited fish. Large scale animal morbidity and mortality has meant diminishing milk production and unfavorable terms of trade for herders. Men are idle and women left with very limited coping mechanisms including harvesting water lily, visiting relatives and friends in Leer and POC in Rubkona for trade and assistance, and bartering or selling animals at unfavorable prices.
Context Analysis War and flooding have devastated the livelihoods of the population in Nimni and four other adjacent payams in Guit County. These catastrophic events have caused massive displacement, and unprecedented food insecurity situation in the region. The floods that occurred in 2014 were, according to the population, the worst since 2007, and as a result the last season crops were destroyed. In 2007 the population was able to survive by going to Bentiu Town and seeking out alternative sustenance and support from the government. However in 2014 that coping mechanism did not exist due to the conflict. The payams have witnessed significant cattle deaths as a result of disease outbreak, and low animal productivity. The lack of proper health care has meant high morbidity and mortality amongst the population, particularly women and children. The prospect of recovery amongst the people is daunting as food security situation worsens and displacement inside and outside of the payams increases. According to SSRRA officials, besides 2540 vulnerable host population in Nimni, the payam is paying host to about 14,000 IDPs, most of them women and children. Nimni and the four adjacent payams are also hosting an aggregate of approximately 70,000 IDPs, also according to SSRRA officials.
Recent statistics compiled by the CCCM Cluster appears to reveal that a large part of the population could have moved from Guit County to the POC. The CCCM new arrivals tracking sheet recorded a total of 6,208 households as new arrivals in the POC between 16 February and 6 March 2015, of which an average 36.5 percent came from Guit County, the second highest next to Rubkona County. Guit County recorded the highest of 41 percent of a total 1121 new arrivals registered in the POC between 2 and 6 March. Also on 11 January, IOM biometrically registered an outstanding caseload of some 10,500 new arrivals in the Rubkona POC and found that about 35 percent originated from Guit County. The reasons for the increased numbers of arrivals into Bentiu POC from Guit County since December 2014 are the better accessibility of the POC due to the dry season, increased food insecurity and physical protection as the SPLA shelled into Guit in January 2015. Focus group discussions with new arrivals from Guit County state that the majority of the new arrivals are coming to the POC for food assistance, with some seeking protection over the dry season from payams affected by shelling.