South Sudan

IRNA Report: Mankien, Mayom County, Unity State 20-23 February 2015

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Situation overview

The Inter-Cluster Working Group (ICWG) in Juba and Bentiu conducted an Initial Rapid Need Assessment (IRNA) team to Mankien in Mayom County from 20-23 February 2015 to assess the humanitarian situation in the area. The team consisted of a thirteen-person UN and INGO team with participants from various humanitarian organisations, representing 8 clusters (Education, FSL, GBV, Health, NFI&ES, Nutrition, Protection, WASH). The team was received by representatives of the SSRRC, and INGO partners working in Mankien.

Mankien payam is the largest of ten payams in Mayom County with a population estimated to be around 9,336 individuals (958HH). Prior to the recent civil war, the vast majority of the population in the payam depended on subsistance farming, herding and farming to meet their food and livelihood security needs. The payam is strategically located at a crossroad that links it to a few other relatively populated payams in the county. These include Ruathnyibol payam (estimated 11 km), Kueryiek payam (estimated 10 km), Bieh payam (estimated 11 km), Ngop (estimated 15 km), Pup payam (estimated 11 km). The payam comprises four lower political subdivision bomas, with many scattered settlements and villages. It is located 22 km South of the county capital Mayom town, and the road connecting the two areas has been flooded during the 2014 rainy season, rending parts of it near impassable during most of the rainy season.

Humanitarian Overview The humanitarian situation amongst IDPs and host community residents is precarious. Seasonal flooding has exacerbated the situation of conflict affected people, having affected areas of habitual residence and livelihoods. Many people still find it difficult to return to their pre-flooding homesteads because their shelters and other belongings are submerged. It was reported that many cattle perished during the flooding and many more are dying due to a livestock disease outbreak. Most farmlands and harvest in the granaries were lost to the flooding, eroding coping mechanisms at household level and further exacerbating the situation of the most vulnerable people. The most vulnerable people are now at the edge, surviving on wild leaves and fruits; some send their children to work for Sudanese traders in order to fend for the family. Women are involved in selling firewood and local construction materials as part of the coping mechanisms. Men also bring animals to the auction to trade at much lower prices when compared with the pre-war prices. There is a small but vibrant market in the town, but prices are unaffordable for most vulnerable people. Goods in the market come mainly from Anett, some four hours drive from Mankien. Several new shelters are sprouting up at the outskirt of Mankien town. These are being constructed by new IDP arrivals.

A few INGOs are providing some assistance through light presence with small teams. A primary health center is run by CARE in a very poorly equipped hospital and with lacking motivation for health workers. SP have dug several boreholes and committed to improve sanitation. The chiefs have mobilized the community and rehabilitated the airstrip in the hope that humanitarian assistance can be brought in.

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UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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