South Sudan

Humanitarian Action for Children 2015: South Sudan

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South Sudan

As South Sudan enters a second year of conflict, the immediate threats to the lives of children are countless and continue to increase in intensity. Multiple life-threatening but preventable diseases, high levels of malnutrition, violence and a loss of protective environments such as schools have contributed to a dangerous environment for children, only made worse by the flagrant disregard for their rights. Since December 2013, armed conflict has displaced 1.9 million people in South Sudan, over half of whom are children. 1.44 million people are displaced internally and 472,030 have sought refuge in neighboring countries.1 Children are among the worst-affected – more than 748,000 children under 18 are displaced. A malnutrition crisis continues in most parts of the country, especially in conflict-affected states, with global acute malnutrition (GAM) rates as high as 30 per cent in high-risk counties, and over 235,000 children estimated to be suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM). 1.5 million people are in crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity, expected to rise to 2.5 million in 2015. 2 Outbreaks of polio, cholera (6,301 cases including 161 deaths) and kala-azar (5,729 new cases and 174 deaths)3 have worsened the disease burden; low immunization coverage is reflected in measles cases reported on a weekly basis. Children face a high prevalence of malaria, acute respiratory infection and diarrhea; 40 per cent of WASH facilities in affected states are non-functional. 400,000 children have left school due to the conflict. Grave child rights violations continue with impunity. Children – especially girls – are increasingly vulnerable to gender-based violence including rape, sexual assault, harassment, domestic violence, forced marriage, and survival sex. Over 12,000 children are estimated to be associated with armed groups. The crisis is negatively impacting already-low development indicators across the country including high under-5 mortality (99 per 1,000 live births4) and maternal mortality (730 per 100,000 live births)5. Only 57 per cent of the population has access to improved water and 9 per cent to sanitation facilities. Around half of boys and a third of girls are in school.

Total affected population: 6.4 million

Total affected children (under 18): 3.4 million

Total people to be reached in 2015: 2.5 million

Total children to be reached in 2015: 1.7 million

2015 Programme Targets


  • 137,883 children aged 6 to 59 months receiving SAM treatment
  • 1,712,944 children 6-59 months receiving Vitamin-A supplementation
  • 769,322 pregnant and lactating women reached with infant and young child feeding messages


  • 1,207,705 children aged 6m to 15 years vaccinated against measles
  • 300,000 households receiving ITNs
  • 19,271 pregnant women receive clean delivery kits in conflict-affected areas


  • 600,000 people in need provided with access to water as per agreed standards
  • 250,000 people in need provided with access to appropriate sanitation facilities as per SPHERE standards

Child Protection

  • 182,500 vulnerable boys, girls and adolescents provided with child protection services
  • 40,000 women, men, girls and boys receive GBV prevention and response services
  • 6,000 former children associated with armed forces or groups and children/minors at risk of recruitment enrolled in reintegration programmes


  • 200,000 children and adolescents have access to safe and protective learning environments
  • 3,000 teachers trained to provide education in emergencies
  • 475 classrooms established/rehabilitated