Executive summary of the independent special investigation into the violence in Juba in 2016 and the response by the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (S/2016/924)
Letter dated 1 November 2016 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council
In the aftermath of the unrestrained violence which occurred in Juba from 8 to 25 July 2016, and the vicious assaults on both civilians and United Nations staff, I ordered an Independent Special Investigation led by Major General Patrick Cammaert (retired). The Independent Special Investigation was mandated to review the actions of the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS) in response to both the sexual violence and violence against civilians that occurred in Juba during that period, and the Terrain camp incident.
Please find attached a summary of the Independent Special Investigation highlighting the key findings of the report together with a list of recommendations to the parties concerned (see annex). The recommendations point out issues specific to UNMISS as well as systemic problems which should be addressed in order to implement the civilian protection mandate more efficiently.
I should be grateful if you would bring the present letter and its annex to the attention of the members of the Security Council.
(Signed) Ban Ki-moon
Executive summary of the independent special investigation into the violence in Juba in 2016 and the response by the United Nations Mission in South Sudan
1. The crisis that took place in Juba from 8 to 11 July 2016 saw three days of intense fighting that resulted in the death of many civilians and two peacekeepers of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) and the collapse of the fragile peace agreement between the President of South Sudan, Salva Kiir, and his former First-Vice President, Riek Machar. The crisis brought unrestrained violence to the capital of the world’s youngest nation and the participating fighters left a trail of destruction and suffering in their wake.
2. On 23 August 2016, the Secretary-General established an independent special investigation led by Major General (retired) Patrick Cammaert, mandated to examine two aspects of the crisis in Jubain July 2016: violence against civilians, including sexual violence, within or in the vicinity of the UNMISS headquarters, known as “UN House”, and its two adjacent protection of civilian sites, which house more than 27,000 internally displaced persons; and the attack on Terrain camp, a private compound where United Nations personnel, aid workers and local staff were robbed, beaten, raped and killed by armed soldiers. This included determining whether the Mission and its contingents responded appropriately; assessing the United Nations security plans and procedures and the Mission’s role in them; and, with regard to the attack on Terrain camp, determining the perpetrators. Under both areas of focus, the Secretary-General mandated the special investigation to put forward recommendations, including remedial actions, with regard to, inter alia, the underperformance of UNMISS personnel, if necessary.