The Abyei Area is divided by two dominant culturally distinct groups; the agro-pastoralist Dinka Ngok and the pastoral Misseriya. Conflict between the two is embedded in livelihood patterns that require migrations through Dinka-Ngok territory by the Misseriya in search of pasture and water for livestock. Tensions have been exacerbated by international politics that have made Abyei a contested area following the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005 that eventually lead to South Sudan’s independence in 2011. Failure to settle the status of the Abyei region led to serious fighting from 2007 to 2008 leading to the displacement of up to 25,000 people. In 2011, violence erupted in Abyei town and the nearby villages causing the displacement of as many as 110,000 Dinka Ngok, destroying residences and public infrastructure.
Most were displaced to southern parts of Abyei and into Warrap and Northern Bahr Ghazal have not yet returned to Abyei until today due to fears of renewed violence. Abathok is one of the villages located in the southern part of Abyei, hosting displaced communities from Abyei town and the nearby villages. This report essentially aims to highlight the intention of displaced communities settled in Abathok village.