Describes events through 28 April 2014
Since the middle of March, Upper Nile has seen widespread conflict, though neither the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), nor the Sudan People’s Liberation Army-In Opposition (SPLA-IO) have established a decisive advantage, with the state continuing to be divided up into a patchwork of zones of control. The largely Nuer south (Longochuk, Maiwut, Nasir, and Ulang counties) remains firmly under the authority of the SPLA-IO, and is the wellspring for the Nuer militias that make up the majority of the rebel forces in the state. While the SPLA retook Malakal on 19 March, there is ongoing conflict in Baliet and Malakal counties, and government control of the state capital is increasingly tenuous. The counties on the west bank of the Nile (Fashoda, Manyo, and Panyikang) remain contested, with the SPLA-IO making important advances around the crucial riverine town of Kaka.