South Sudan

Aburoc Water Shortage: Context and Surge Capacity Analysis Fashoda County, Upper Nile State, South Sudan, November 2018

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This year, the cyclical water shortage in Aburoc in Fashoda County was exacerbated by late rains, causing some minor displacement from the internal displacement camp. Despite sufficient water as of November, due to refugee returns to the western bank including to Aburoc coupled with a lack of immediately-available, sustainable solutions to water supply, Aburoc may again experience water scarcity in the coming months. In order to contribute to mitigating ensuing protection concerns and effectively respond to population increases in settlements-ofrelocation, this brief aims to inform humanitarian contingency planning for Aburoc. The first section analyses the context in Aburoc, including the WASH situation, population dynamics and flows and resulting protection concerns. The second section presents the surge capacity analysis, including WASH scenarios as well as service mapping in sites of return.

This report draws on several sources of primary data from REACH collected from September to November 2018: Areas of Knowledge monthly data collection (September), two gender-disaggregated Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) with new arrivals from Aburoc to Malakal Protection of Civilians (PoC) site (October) and inter-cluster service mapping (November). In addition, this report draws on primary data collected by a number of partners during this same period: the InterCluster Aburoc assessment (September), the Protection Cluster’s mission report (September), and the Danish Refugee Council’s (DRC’s) flow monitoring in Aburoc (November) and western bank context