2016 South Sudan Humanitarian Response Second Quarter in Review
PEOPLE IN NEED IN 2016: 6.1M
PEOPLE TARGETED IN 2016: 5.1M
PEOPLE REACHED IN Q1 2016: 2.89 M
In the second quarter of 2016, the humanitarian situation in South Sudan remained critical, with the onset of the lean season, fighting and displacement in new locations, the spread of measles and the beginning of a cholera outbreak in June.
During the lean season, some 4.8 million people were estimated to be food insecure, with the highest proportions of populations facing Crisis, Emergency and Catastrophe food insecurity in Northern and Western Bahr el Ghazal and Unity.
New displacement was reported. In Western Bahr El Ghazal, clashes in areas south and south-west of Wau in June forced tens of thousands of people to flee their homes. In the Equatorias, people were displaced by fighting between armed actors in Nagero County in Western Equatoria; fighting between cattle keepers and youth north of Terekeka and in Lobonok in Central Equatoria; and fighting in Maji in Eastern Equatoria.
The overall level of internal displacement, however, remained relatively steady at 1.6 million people. Several thousand people left the Bentiu Protection of Civilians (PoC) site in Unity, primarily to engage in agricultural activities, and there were reports of people returning from Panyijar to Leer and Mayendit counties. During the quarter, some 15,000 people fleeing hunger and insecurity in South Sudan arrived into Sudan (primarily from Northern Bahr El Ghazal) and Uganda (primarily from Eastern Equatoria).
Communicable diseases continued to spread. Measles outbreaks were recorded in 11 counties in Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Warrap, Lakes, Unity and Upper Nile by the end of the quarter, and a cholera outbreak started in June.
Violence against humanitarian staff and assets remained a defining feature of the operating environment, although there were fewer incidents reported in the first half of 2016 (381) compared to the same period in 2015 (499).
As at the end of June, 39 per cent of the $1.29 billion required under the 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan had been received, with funding levels well below the amount received at the same time in 2014 and 2015. Nearly 190 humanitarian organizations across South Sudan had reached about 2.89 million people in need.