South Sudan + 6 more

2016 South Sudan Humanitarian Response Fourth Quarter in Review

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  • PEOPLE IN NEED IN 2016: 6.1 M

  • PEOPLE TARGETED IN 2016: 5.1 M

  • PEOPLE REACHED BY THE END OF Q4 2016: 5.1 M

In the fourth quarter of 2016, South Sudan’s humanitarian crisis continued to deepen and spread, with continued clashes and displacement in Unity, Jonglei and the Greater Equatoria region, and the spread of diseases, including cholera, measles and kala-azar.

The number of people uprooted by the crisis rose steadily during the quarter. Internal displace- ment increased from 1.7 million people at 31 September to some 1.85 million by 31 December, while the number of South Sudanese refugees in neighbouring countries rose from 1.01 at 31 September to 1.4 million by 31 December. In Eastern Equatoria, tens of thousands of people shel- tered in mountainous and remote areas, while in Central Equatoria, the population in the Liwolo IDP sites in Kajo-Keji swelled to around 30,000 by the end of December. In Western Equatoria insecurity in Yambio and Mundri East caused displacement. In Unity, civilians were reportedly targeted and displaced, and homes were reportedly looted and burned. In Upper Nile, ghting in Maban caused temporary displacement, while clashes in and around Nassir displaced thousands of people. In Western Bahr el Ghazal, insecurity in and around Wau town caused additional peo- ple to seek refuge in the protected site and collective centres.

The quarter also saw the continued spread of communicable diseases. New suspected cholera cases were reported in Ayod (Jonglei) and Mayendit and Panyijiar (Unity) , along with con rmed cases in the Bentiu Protection of Civilians site, bringing the number of counties affected country- wide to 10. Separately, a new measles outbreak was declared in Wau town in November.

The operating environment deteriorated during the quarter. Three aid workers were killed in October, including one in an armed ambush on a marked NGO vehicle outside of Torit. In November, 100 humanitarian access incidents were reported, the highest in any month since June 2015 (120). Four senior aid workers were declared persona non grata, expelled or deported from South Sudan. There were 22 cases of withdrawal of staff or suspension of activities during the quarter. Twenty-one cases of looting were reported, and aid workers were denied access on several occa- sions to areas outside of Yei, Mundri and Wau towns.

Funding against the 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan increased to 92 per cent during the quarter, with around $1.2 billion received by 31 December. By the end of quarter, nearly 135 humanitarian organizations had reached about 5.1 million people, achieving their target for 2016.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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