• Conflict in Sudan’s Blue Nile and South Kordofan saw 170,000 refugees seeking safety in Unity and Upper Nile states by the end of 2012. Increased arrivals in December highlighted the need to identify additional refugee sites to host newcomers.
• Food insecurity persisted and food assistance was provided to 2.7 million people by year-end. However, slight improvements in access to food as of October indicated that the situation may improve slightly in 2013.
• The Consolidated Appeal for 2013 sought US$1.16m to meet the needs of 3.3 million people in the year ahead.
• The end of the rainy season in about October re-opened up many parts of the country, leading to a seasonal increase in inter-communal tensions, cattle-raiding and insecurity.
• Low numbers of South Sudanese returned from Sudan in the last quarter of 2012, following a similar trend over the year. Overall, 155,000 South Sudanese returned from Sudan since January 2012.
• The operating environment for aid workers became more challenging as humanitarian access deteriorated over the year, with 48 per cent more access incidents reported than in 2011.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.