Overall, food security situation shows a slight worsening compared to same month last year and February 2012, while child malnutrition reached the highest values obtained since June 2010, with 20% of acute malnourished children between 6 and 59 months according to MUAC thresholds.
Currently, half of assessed households are food insecure and 14% severely food insecure. However, significantly different values and trends are found among states. The food security situation has worsened in Warrap, Upper Nile and Western and Central Equatoria compared to last year and to the previous round, as well as in WBS and NBS respect last year. Jonglei and Eastern Equatoria showed some improvement from June 2011.
The main limiting factor relies on food access. The expected seasonal food security deterioration for this time of the year, of lean season and physical access difficulties due to rains, is aggravated by the total trade closure between Sudan and South Sudan in late April and the increased food demand in areas of high returnees. High fuel prices, weakening of local currency against dollar and scarcity of certain staples in markets intensifies the already existing food access problems. High food prices remain the shock most frequently reported by households; nearly half of them need to spend a high percentage of their total expenditure on food, compromising the expenses on other basic services, and the sale of natural resources constitutes the main source of income for 20% of households. The situation is not expected to improve until the new harvest, end of rainy season and/or reopening of the border between Sudan and South Sudan.