South Sudan

Nutrition Survey Final Report - Unity State Refugee Camps, South Sudan, February 2013

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

UNHCR, in collaboration with WFP and partners including Samaritan’s Purse, Care, MSF-F and Non Violent Peace Force carried out a nutrition survey in Unity State’s Yida and Nyeel refugee camps. The surveys were conducted between 20th February and 26th February 2013, targeting the refugee population. The nutrition survey was carried out using the Standardized Monitoring and Assessment of Relief and Transitions (SMART) methodology (Version 1, April 2006) and UNHCR’s Standardized Expanded Nutrition Survey (SENS) Guidelines for Refugee Populations (Version 2 December 2012)1.In Yida, a total of 540 households were sampled to participate in the survey. Two stage sampling was employed to select the households; at the first stage cluster sampling using the Probability Proportion to Size (PPS) method was used to select the clusters. Second stage sampling in Yida was through systematic random sampling after labelling all the households in the sampled clusters. At the end, 778 children from the 540 households participated in the survey. Given the small population size of Nyeel, an exhaustive sampling approach was employed and 146 children participated in the survey.

A total of thirty enumerators were trained and twenty five of these enumerators were grouped in five teams of five members for data collection, while the other trained personnel worked in the survey data entry and logistics support. To ensure the quality of data, a standardized training lasting for five days was provided including one day for pre testing. Survey teams were headed by a team leader and supervised by survey the coordinator throughout the duration of the data collection. Data were entered using excel and later imported to ENA software (October 2012 version) and Epi Info version 3.5.4 for analysis.

The main indicators under investigation in all the camps were; rate of global acute malnutrition (GAM), rate of severe acute malnutrition (SAM), stunting prevalence, infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators, mortality rate and anaemia prevalence in children 6 to 59 months and in women 15 to 49 years excluding pregnant women.