Emergency Preparedness, Response and Reintegration - SSD122
Appeal Target: US$ 3,710,678
Balance requested: USD 3,373,178
Geneva, 13 July 2012
The world's newest nation celebrated one year of independence on the 9th July 2012 amid numerous humanitarian and security challenges. Over 400,000 have migrated from Sudan back to South Sudan in the aftermath of the independence further straining the already weak social services provision. Over 200,000 were internally displaced (including people who fled Abyei). Added to this, South Sudan received over 165,000 people from Sudan who fled the violence in Blue Nile and South Kordofan states. This crisis adds to the many other challenges faced by South Sudan and diverts scarce resources from efforts to address food insecurity and other humanitarian issues. The UN estimates that up to 4.7 million South Sudanese, around half the population, may be in need of food aid in 2012.
South Sudan depended on aid long before it became a country and up to 98 percent of its budget was financed by oil revenues. The government decided to shut off crude production in January 2012 after a dispute with Sudan. It is forecast that the number of people living in poverty will likely jump from 51 percent to 83 percent by 2013 and that the mortality rate for children under 5 will double.1 To respond to these humanitarian situations, ACT members propose to provide much needed humanitarian support to people affected by these challenges through a twelve-month appeal. Requesting members in the appeal are: Norwegian Church Aid (NCA), The Lutheran World Federation (LWF), InterChurch Organization for Development Co-operation & Kerk in Actie (ICCO&KIA), Christian Aid (CA), DanChurchAid (DCA) and the United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR).
LWF has currently deployed staff from its Regional Emergency Hub to Maban County, Upper Nile State to conduct a rapid assessment of the humanitarian situation. Discussions have been held between ACT members and UNHCR for the humanitarian gaps that exist in these camps especially child protection and emergency education support in Melut and/or other newly established camps. Should the partnership be entered into with UNHCR, LWF will reflect Upper Nile activities the full appeal or will later seek a revision of it. These activities will be linked to the work proposed by the Sudan Council of Churches (SCC) in the same locations.
With the total appeal target of 3,710,678 USD, ACT members will be able to provide essential humanitarian and recovery support in terms of i) emergency preparedness and response, ii) water, sanitation and hygiene, iii) peace building, protection and psycho-social support, and iv) early recovery and reintegration. If fully funded, over 100,000 people living in Jonglei, Eastern Equatoria, Central Equatoria, Northern Bahr El Ghazal, Western Bahr El Ghazal, Unity, Upper Nile and Warrap States will benefit from the appeal projects.
In addition to the six requesting members in the preliminary appeal, also the Sudan Council of Churches (SCC), which has opened a liaison office for the Western Region, is planning to implement humanitarian assistance activities which will be reflected in the full appeal to be issued in August 2012. The amount requested will be approximately 310,000 USD.
Most of the activities implemented by ACT members in this emergency are planned to be done through the appeal. However, a few ACT members are also implementing activities related to the current humanitarian crisis which are funded bilaterally. The table below provides a short summary.